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Measurements of hepatic iron concentration (HIC) are important predictors of transfusional iron burden and long-term outcome in patients with transfusion-dependent anemias. The goal of this work was to develop a readily available, noninvasive method for clinical HIC measurement. The relaxation rates R2 (1/T2) and R2* (1/T2*) measured by magnetic resonance(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The neuroanatomic substrate of cognitive deficits in long-term survivors of prematurity with PVL is poorly understood. The thalamus is critically involved in cognition via extensive interconnections with the cerebral cortex. We hypothesized that the thalamus is atrophic (reduced in volume) in childhood survivors of prematurity with(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Abnormal cerebral microstructure has been documented in term neonates with congenital heart disease, portending risk for injury and poor neurodevelopmental outcome. Our hypothesis was that preterm neonates with congenital heart disease would demonstrate diffuse cerebral microstructural abnormalities when compared with critically ill(More)
PURPOSE Our aims were to evaluate the metabolic profiles of pediatric brain tumors with short echo time (TE) MR spectroscopy and absolute quantitation of metabolite concentrations (in mmol/kg of tissue) and to describe metabolic features that distinguish individual tumor types and that may help to improve preoperative diagnosis of specific tumors. METHODS(More)
Adult subjects with classical phenylketonuria (PKU) who were diagnosed and treated neonatally participated in this long-term follow-up study. Twenty-four subjects received neuropsychological (NP) assessment and a subset received magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) to identify: (1) pattern of cognitive dysfunction; (2)(More)
In classic galactosemia, long-term neurologic sequelae can include low cognitive functioning and a curious neurologic syndrome with tremors, dysmetria, and ataxia. An abnormal white-matter signal on cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is present in almost all patients; some have mild cerebral or cerebellar atrophy and focal white-matter lesions. The(More)
During 1967-1983, the Maternal and Child Health Division of the Public Health Services funded a collaborative study of 211 newborn infants identified on newborn screening as having phenylketonuria (PKU). Subsequently, financial support was provided by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD). The infants were treated with a(More)
PURPOSE We conducted a pediatric phase I trial of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-neutralizing antibody bevacizumab (BV). Primary aims included estimating the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) and determining the dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs), pharmacokinetics, and biologic effects of BV in children with cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS BV (5, 10,(More)
BACKGROUND Transfusional therapy for thalassemia major and sickle cell disease can lead to iron deposition and damage to the heart, liver, and endocrine organs. Iron causes the MRI parameters T1, T2, and T2* to shorten in these organs, which creates a potential mechanism for iron quantification. However, because of the danger and variability of cardiac(More)
OBJECTIVE This study evaluates the use of multimodal imaging to qualitatively and quantitatively measure tumor progression and bone resorption in a xenotransplanted tumor model of human neuroblastoma. METHODS Human neuroblastoma cells expressing a luciferase reporter gene were injected into the femur of nu/nu mice. Tumor progression with and without(More)