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The actions of corticotropin-releasing hormone (Crh), a mediator of endocrine and behavioural responses to stress, and the related hormone urocortin (Ucn) are coordinated by two receptors, Crhr1 (encoded by Crhr) and Crhr2. These receptors may exhibit distinct functions due to unique tissue distribution and pharmacology. Crhr-null mice have defined central(More)
Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) is the principal regulator of the stress response. CRH stimulates production of ACTH via specific CRH receptors located on pituitary corticotropes. In addition to pituitary and central nervous system effects, peripheral effects of CRH have been observed involving the immune and cardiovascular systems. Specific CRH(More)
We investigated the heterogeneity of anti-phosphocholine (PC) antibodies present in human serum taken from individuals before and after immunization with a multivalent pneumococcal vaccine. The fine specificity of IgM, IgG, and IgA anti-PC antibodies was determined in an ELISA by using phosphocholine or p-nitrophenyl phosphocholine (NPPC) to inhibit binding(More)
Stress pathways affect immune function, the most notable of these pathways being activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Although HPA activation has generally been relegated to an immunosuppressive role, recent evidence suggests that stress and HPA activation can be immunoenhancing in certain situations. To investigate specific effects(More)
We describe three sets of natural (preimmune) polyreactive antibodies and Ag-induced antibodies that share the same VH-VL combinations. The amino acid homology in the VH and VL segments averaged 92%. These sets were found among 49 neonatal and adult natural mAb that were compared with 35 Ag-induced monoclonals produced during the memory response to(More)
We tested the effect of endotoxin on the peripheral corticotropin-releasing hormone receptor (CRH-R2), which is highly expressed in the heart. Systemic injection of LPS markedly downregulated CRH-R2 mRNA levels in the heart in a dose and time dependent manner. In contrast, CRH-R2 levels in skeletal muscle increased following exposure to endotoxin. These(More)
CRH is the principal mediator of the stress response in mammals. In addition to pituitary and central nervous system effects, peripheral effects of CRH have been observed involving the immune and cardiovascular systems. Two CRH receptor subtypes, CRH-R1 and CRH-R2, have been cloned and show significant amino acid homology (69%), but differ in their tissue(More)