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The actions of corticotropin-releasing hormone (Crh), a mediator of endocrine and behavioural responses to stress, and the related hormone urocortin (Ucn) are coordinated by two receptors, Crhr1 (encoded by Crhr) and Crhr2. These receptors may exhibit distinct functions due to unique tissue distribution and pharmacology. Crhr-null mice have defined central(More)
Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) is the principal regulator of the stress response. CRH stimulates production of ACTH via specific CRH receptors located on pituitary corticotropes. In addition to pituitary and central nervous system effects, peripheral effects of CRH have been observed involving the immune and cardiovascular systems. Specific CRH(More)
We tested the effect of endotoxin on the peripheral corticotropin-releasing hormone receptor (CRH-R2), which is highly expressed in the heart. Systemic injection of LPS markedly downregulated CRH-R2 mRNA levels in the heart in a dose and time dependent manner. In contrast, CRH-R2 levels in skeletal muscle increased following exposure to endotoxin. These(More)
We have investigated the impact of mutations on the binding functions of the phosphocholine (PC)-specific T15 antibody in the absence of antigen selection pressure. The H chain complementarity determining region 2 (CDR2) sequence of T15 antibody was saturated with point mutations by in vitro random mutagenesis. From the mutant library, 289 clones were(More)
Phosphocholine (PC) is a naturally occurring Ag common to many pathogenic microorganisms. Early in the primary response to PC conjugated to keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH), T15 Id(+) Abs constitute >90% of the serum Ig in BALB/c mice. During the late primary and memory response to PC-protein, a shift in the repertoire occurs and T15 Id(+) Abs lose(More)
During an immune response, somatic mutations are introduced into the VH and VL regions of Ig chains. The consequences of somatic mutation in highly conserved residues are poorly understood. Ile51 is present in 91% of murine VH complementarity-determining region 2 sequences, and we demonstrate that single Ile51-->Arg or Lys substitutions in the PCG1-1 Ab are(More)
The immune response to phosphocholine (PC)-protein is characterized by a shift in antibody repertoire as the response progresses. This change in expressed gene combinations is accompanied by a shift in fine specificity toward the carrier, resulting in high affinity to PC-protein. The somatically mutated memory hybridoma, M3C65, possesses high affinity for(More)
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