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We assessed 882 patients presenting with a proximal femoral fracture by a new mobility score and by a mental test score, to determine which was of the most value in forecasting mortality at one year. Both scores gave a highly significant prediction, but the mobility score had a greater predictive value and is easier to perform.
BACKGROUND Two types of implants used for the surgical fixation of extracapsular hip fractures are cephalocondylic intramedullary nails, which are inserted into the femoral canal proximally to distally across the fracture, and extramedullary implants (e.g. the sliding hip screw). OBJECTIVES To compare cephalocondylic intramedullary nails with(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous types of arthroplasties may be used in the surgical treatment of a hip fracture (proximal femoral fracture). The main differences between the implants are in the design of the stems, whether the stem is fixed in place with or without cement, whether a second articulating joint is included within the prosthesis (bipolar prosthesis) or(More)
A total of 455 patients aged over 70 years with a displaced intracapsular fracture of the proximal femur was randomised to be treated either by hemiarthroplasty or internal fixation. The preoperative characteristics of the patients in both groups were similar. Internal fixation has a shorter length of anaesthesia (36 minutes versus 57 minutes, p < 0.0001),(More)
Hip fracture surgery is common and the population at risk is generally elderly. There is no consensus of opinion regarding the safest form of anaesthesia for these patients. We performed a meta-analysis of 15 randomized trials that compare morbidity and mortality associated with general or regional anaesthesia for hip fracture patients. There was a reduced(More)
BACKGROUND There is a lack of consensus regarding the best option for the treatment of acute Achilles tendon rupture. Treatment can be broadly classified as operative (open or percutaneous) or nonoperative (casting or functional bracing). Postoperative splinting can be performed with a rigid cast (proximal or distal to the knee) or a more mobile functional(More)
BACKGROUND Hip fracture in the elderly is usually the result of a simple fall and hip protectors have been advocated as a means to reduce impact and consequences of such falls. OBJECTIVES To determine if external hip protectors reduce the incidence of hip fractures in elderly persons following a fall. SEARCH STRATEGY The Cochrane Musculoskeletal(More)
In a randomised trial involving 598 patients with 600 trochanteric fractures of the hip, the fractures were treated with either a sliding hip screw (n = 300) or a Targon PF intramedullary nail (n = 300). The mean age of the patients was 82 years (26 to 104). All surviving patients were reviewed at one year with functional outcome assessed by a research(More)
The conventional treatment for an undisplaced intracapsular hip fracture is internal fixation. A possible alternative treatment is replacement hemiarthroplasty. We have compared the outcomes of an age, sex and co-morbidity matched cohort of 346 patients who have had their undisplaced intracapsular hip fracture treated using cannulated screws with a group of(More)
Three hundred seventy-five patients with an undisplaced intracapsular proximal femoral fracture were treated with internal fixation. Nonunion occurred in 24 patients (6.4%) and avascular necrosis occurred in 15 patients (4.0%). Reoperation with an arthroplasty was required in 29 patients (7.7%). The age, walking ability of the patient, and degree of(More)