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BACKGROUND Two types of implants used for the surgical fixation of extracapsular hip fractures are cephalocondylic intramedullary nails, which are inserted into the femoral canal proximally to distally across the fracture, and extramedullary implants (e.g. the sliding hip screw). OBJECTIVES To compare cephalocondylic intramedullary nails with(More)
Hip fracture surgery is common and the population at risk is generally elderly. There is no consensus of opinion regarding the safest form of anaesthesia for these patients. We performed a meta-analysis of 15 randomized trials that compare morbidity and mortality associated with general or regional anaesthesia for hip fracture patients. There was a reduced(More)
A total of 455 patients aged over 70 years with a displaced intracapsular fracture of the proximal femur was randomised to be treated either by hemiarthroplasty or internal fixation. The preoperative characteristics of the patients in both groups were similar. Internal fixation has a shorter length of anaesthesia (36 minutes versus 57 minutes, p < 0.0001),(More)
Previous studies on the timing of surgery for fracture of the hip provide conflicting evidence as to the effect of prolonged delay before operation. We have prospectively reviewed 3628 such fractures in patients older than 60 years of age. Those for whom the delay was for medical reasons were excluded. Patients were followed up for one year or until death.(More)
The type of environmental hazards implicated in the aetiology of a consecutive series of 787 hip-fracture patients was prospectively studied. Most falls occurred between 09h00 and midday and there was no seasonal variation. Fifty-one different environmental hazards were implicated in the aetiology of the fall for 58% of patients. The nature of environmental(More)
There has been extensive discussion about the effect of delay to surgery on mortality in patients sustaining a fracture of the hip. Despite the low level of evidence provided by many studies, a consensus has been accepted that delay of > 48 hours is detrimental to survival. The aim of this prospective observational study was to determine if early surgery(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare patient outcomes of restrictive versus liberal blood transfusion strategies in patients with cardiovascular disease not undergoing cardiac surgery. DESIGN Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES Randomised controlled trials involving a threshold for red blood cell transfusion in hospital. We searched (to 2 November 2015)(More)
The report from Olsen and colleagues 1 on bone cement im-plantation syndrome (BCIS) in this edition of the British Journal of Anaesthesia coincides with the recent publication of the Anaesthesia Sprint Audit of Practice (ASAP). 2 BCIS has been reported for many years and it is perhaps surprising that it took until 2009 for a full explanation and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Venous thromboembolism (VTE) remains a substantial cause of morbidity and mortality following hip fracture. Previous work has not identified any risk factors associated with the type of hip fracture. We report the incidence of and risk factors for development of symptomatic VTE in patients following a hip fracture. PATIENTS AND(More)