Martyn K. Robinson

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The trafficking of lymphocytes from the blood and into lymphoid organs is controlled by tissue-selective lymphocyte interactions with specialized endothelial cells lining post capillary venules, in particular the high endothelial venules (HEV) found in lymphoid tissues and sites of chronic inflammation. Lymphocyte interactions with HEV are mediated in part(More)
BACKGROUND Inhibitors of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) have demonstrated significant efficacy in chronic inflammatory diseases, including Crohn's disease (CD). To further elucidate the mechanisms of action of these agents, we compared the anti-TNFalpha agents certolizumab pegol, infliximab, adalimumab, and etanercept in several in vitro systems. (More)
It is widely believed that rolling lymphocytes require successive chemokine-induced signaling for lymphocyte function–associated antigen 1 (LFA-1) to achieve a threshold avidity that will mediate lymphocyte arrest. Using an in vivo model of lymphocyte arrest, we show here that LFA-1-mediated arrest of lymphocytes rolling on high endothelial venules bearing(More)
The tertiary structure of the integrin heterodimer is currently unknown, although several predictive models have been generated. Detailed structural studies of integrins have been consistently hampered for several reasons, including the small amounts of purified protein available, the large size and conformational flexibility of integrins, and the presence(More)
The secreted glycoprotein sclerostin has recently emerged as a key negative regulator of Wnt signaling in bone and has stimulated considerable interest as a potential target for therapeutics designed to treat conditions associated with low bone mass, such as osteoporosis. We have determined the structure of sclerostin, which resulted in the identification(More)
Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans leukotoxin and Escherichia coli alpha-hemolysin are RTX toxins that kill human immune cells. We have obtained a monoclonal antibody (295) to a cell surface molecule present on toxin-sensitive HL60 cells that can inhibit cytolysis by both RTX toxins. Utilization of this monoclonal antibody for immunoaffinity purification(More)
The specificity of endothelial cell leukocyte adhesion molecule-1, ELAM-1, for binding to a panel of carbohydrate structures was determined by a sensitive cell binding assay with immobilized synthetic glycoconjugates. ELAM-1 cDNA transfectants were found to bind Sialyl Lea (sialylated lacto-N-fucopentaose II) or sialylated Lewis a antigen (NeuAc alpha(More)
A skin-associated population of memory T lymphocytes, defined by expression of the cutaneous lymphocyte antigen (CLA), binds selectively and avidly to the vascular lectin endothelial cell-leukocyte adhesion molecule 1 (ELAM-1), an interaction that may be involved in targeting of CLA+ T cells to cutaneous sites of chronic inflammation. Here we present(More)
The Leukocytic cell-adhesion molecule (beta 2 integrin) family of adhesion molecules play a key role in the intercellular adhesive interactions necessary for normal immune cell function. In this study, we report an antibody that recognizes an epitope on the Leukocytic cell-adhesion molecule common beta-chain (CD18) and promotes both lymphocyte(More)
The development of bone-rebuilding anabolic agents for treating bone-related conditions has been a long-standing goal. Genetic studies in humans and mice have shown that the secreted protein sclerostin is a key negative regulator of bone formation. More recently, administration of sclerostin-neutralizing monoclonal antibodies in rodent studies has shown(More)