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Many funders of international development programs use indicators as proxies for good public policies and the ability of countries to use aid well. As an input to these efforts, the Global Health Indicators Working Group examined potential measures of a government's commitment to health, with the goal of identifying and recommending a set of indicators for(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effects of a community-based mutual health organization (MHO) on utilization of priority health services, financial protection of its members and inclusion of the poor and other target groups. METHODS Four MHOs were established in two districts in Mali. A case-control study was carried out in which household survey data were(More)
OBJECTIVES Lower-middle-income countries (LMICs) are lagging behind both high-income and low-income countries in new vaccine adoption. Our study involved the following objectives: (1) understand the decision-making processes of LMICs on new vaccine adoption, (2) identify the factors influencing LMIC decisions, (3) obtain the views of vaccine manufacturers(More)
OBJECTIVE Reform of the health care system in urban areas of China has prompted concerns about the utilization of Community Health Centers (CHC). This study examined which of the dominant primary care delivery models, i.e., the public CHC model, the 'gate-keeper' CHC model, or the hospital-owned CHC models, was most effective in enhancing access to and(More)
Afzal Siddiqui provided the legal analysis for the study and the component initiatives (Volumes 1-5). Zohair Ashir studied the use of Muslim religious funds for financing health services for the indigent (Volumes 1, 3, and 5). ABSTRACT This report is based on the assumption that concrete benefits would result from allowing hospitals currently owned and run(More)
Improving the quality of clinical care in developing country settings is a difficult task, both in public sector settings where supervision is infrequent and in private sector settings where supervision and certification are non-existent. This study tested a low-cost method, self-assessment, for improving the quality of care that providers offer in a(More)
This paper reports the preliminary results of the architectural design of the HAPTEX system that will be developed in the framework of the IST FET (Future and Emerging Technologies) initiative. The aim of the EU funded RTD project is to realize a virtual reality system able to render, visually and haptically, the behavior of fabrics. The integration of(More)
Middle-income countries (MICs) as a group are not only characterized by a wide range of gross national income (GNI) per capita (US $1026 to $12,475), but also by diversity in size, geography, governance, and infrastructure. They include the largest and smallest countries of the world-including 16 landlocked developing countries, 27 small island developing(More)
User fee removal has been put forward as an approach to increasing priority health service utilization, reducing impoverishment, and ultimately reducing maternal and neonatal mortality. However, user fees are a source of facility revenue in many low-income countries, often used for purchasing drugs and supplies and paying incentives to health workers. This(More)