Martti V K Lepojärvi

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We reviewed the clinical and radiological findings of 93 consecutive patients with 111 extracranial internal carotid (ICAD) and vertebral artery (VAD) dissections and one concomitant intracranial VAD; 83% of the patients had unilateral and 17% multiple vessel dissections. The diagnosis was made by intra-arterial digital subtraction angiography in 92(More)
Magnesium may be beneficial in the control of ventricular ectopy and supraventricular tachyarrhythmias after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, but it is not known whether a high-dose magnesium regimen is superior to a regimen keeping the patient normomagnesemic. A prospective randomized and double-blind clinical comparison was performed in 81(More)
Thymic carcinoid tumours constitute less than 1% of all carcinoids, and differ markedly from true thymomas in natural history, morphology, prognosis and therapeutic options. New clinical and diagnostic modalities are described in two brothers with thymic carcinoid associated with multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome. Octreotide scintigraphy proved useful(More)
BACKGROUND We have evaluated the immediate and intermediate outcome after off-pump (OPCAB) and conventional on-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (CCAB) in patients with unstable angina pectoris requiring nitrates infusion until arrival in the operating room. METHODS A consecutive series of 153 and 161 patients with unrelenting angina pectoris underwent(More)
The physiological role of F(1)F(0)-ATPase inhibition in ischemia may be to retard ATP depletion although views of the significance of IF(1) are at variance. We corroborate here a method for measuring the ex vivo activity of F(1)F(0)-ATPase in perfused rat heart and show that observation of ischemic F(1)F(0)-ATPase inhibition in rat heart is critically(More)
BACKGROUND There is increased interest in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), although the preservation of the myocardium under such circumstances has not been properly investigated. The aim of this randomized study was to compare the changes in myocardial metabolism during CABG with and without CPB. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) on the 15-year outcome after coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) in a community-wide population study. METHODS Eight hundred and eighty-two patients who underwent CABG were included in this study. eGFR was estimated by the modified(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the changing risk of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Residents of Oulu who underwent coronary angiography and/or revascularization from 1993 to 2006 formed the basis of this community-wide study. One thousand three hundred and forty-nine consecutive patients who underwent CABG have(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY The European system for cardiac operative risk evaluation score (EuroSCORE) has been shown to be a valid tool for predicting immediate and late outcome after coronary artery bypass surgery. As evidence also suggests its value in heart valve surgery, this issue was investigated in a series of patients who underwent surgery for(More)
BACKGROUND The value of ischemic preconditioning during coronary operations has remained controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of ischemic preconditioning on myocardial energy metabolism and tissue injury during off-pump multivessel coronary surgery. METHODS Eleven patients with preceding preconditioning were compared with 11(More)