Martti Kulvik

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BACKGROUND Boron neutron-capture therapy (BNCT) is a drug-targeted binary radiotherapy for cancer. The (10)B capture of thermal neutrons induces secondary radiation within cells during irradiation. The most widely used boron carrier is 4-dihydroxyborylphenylalanine (BPA). The duration and timing of the irradiation is adjusted by monitoring (10)B(More)
Two clinical trials are currently running at the Finnish dedicated boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) facility. Between May 1999 and December 2001, 18 patients with supratentorial glioblastoma were treated with boronophenylalanine (BPA)-based BNCT within a context of a prospective clinical trial (protocol P-01). All patients underwent prior surgery, but(More)
A numerical model with a memory effect was created to describe the kinetics of 10B in blood after a single 4-dihydroxyborylphenylalanine-fructose complex (BPA-F) infusion in boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT). The model formulation was based on the averaged data from 10 glioma patients from the Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) BNCT-trials. These(More)
Meningiomas and schwannomas associated with neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) are difficult to control by microsurgery and stereotactic radiotherapy alone. Boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) is a chemically targeted form of radiotherapy requiring increased concentration of boron-10 in tumour tissue. PET with the boron carrier(More)
Allergic rhinitis and mild respiratory infections have been widely accepted as temporary contraindications for fitness to dive. Nonetheless, several sport and professional divers use antihistamines to ease ear, nose, and throat (ENT) problems, especially for opening tubal ostium. Some divers know they are unfit to dive, but for a variety of reasons (e.g.,(More)
Boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) is an experimental therapeutic modality combining a boron pharmaceutical with neutron irradiation. 4-Dihydroxyborylphenylalanine (L-BPA) synthesised via the asymmetric pathway by Malan and Morin [Synlett. 167-168 (1996)] was developed to be the boron containing pharmaceutical in the first series of Finnish BNCT clinical(More)
A total of 98 patients with glioma were treated with BPA-F-mediated boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) in Finland from 1999 to 2011. Thirty-nine (40%) had undergone surgery for newly diagnosed glioblastoma and 59 (60%) had malignant glioma recurrence after surgery. In this study we applied a closed 3-compartment model based on dynamic (18)F-BPA-PET(More)
We studied the uptake of boron after 100 mg/kg BPA infusion in three meningioma and five schwannoma patients as a pre-BNCT feasibility study. With average tumour-to-whole blood boron concentrations of 2.5, we discuss why BNCT could, and probably should, be developed to treat severe forms of the studied tumours. However, analysing 72 tumour and 250 blood(More)
Boron biodistribution after intravenous infusion of 4-dihydroxyborylphenylalanine-fructose (BPA-F) complex was investigated in six dogs. Blood samples were evaluated during and following doses of 205 and 250 mg/kgbw BPA in a 30 min infusion, and 500 mg/kgbw in a 1h infusion. Samples from whole blood, urine, brain and other organs were analysed for boron(More)