Martinus P de Vries

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A new numerical model of the vocal folds is presented based on the well-known two-mass models of the vocal folds. The two-mass model is coupled to a model of glottal airflow based on the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. Glottal waves are produced using different initial glottal gaps and different subglottal pressures. Fundamental frequency, glottal(More)
The valveless Nijdam prosthesis is a new voice prosthesis for laryngectomized patients using tracheoesophageal speech. An "umbrella-like hat" covers the esophageal side of the tracheoesophageal fistula and is deformed during speech by air pressure. To decrease pressure loss during speech, a good understanding of the mechanical behavior is essential. In the(More)
OBJECTIVE To improve the voice quality of female laryngectomees and/or laryngectomees with a hypotonic pharyngoesophageal (PE) segment by means of a pneumatic artificial source of voice incorporated in a regular tracheoesophageal (TE) shunt valve. STUDY DESIGN Experimental, randomized, crossover trial. METHODS The new sound source consists of a single(More)
Surgical removal of the larynx results in radically reduced production of voice and speech. To improve voice quality a voice-producing element (VPE) is developed, based on the lip principle, called after the lips of a musician while playing a brass instrument. To optimize the VPE, a numerical model is developed. In this model, the finite element method is(More)
A voice-producing element has been developed to improve speech quality after laryngectomy. The design process started with the formulation of a list of requirements. The lip principle has the best potential for fulfilling the requirements. A numerical model was made to find the optimal geometry of an element based on the lip principle. Extensive in vitro(More)
As part of the development of a total temporomandibular joint prosthesis, a prosthesis articulation was designed. The articulation consists of a spherical head (ball) of the mandibular part, rotating against an enveloping ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) disc with a flat cranial side, which slides along the opposing skull part. The aim of(More)
The distance over which the upstream flow conditions in a tube are disturbed by a stenosis downstream, i.e. the outlet length, was investigated for Reynolds numbers in the range 210-2900. Two methods were used, the Navier-Stokes equations were solved with a computer and a physical model was constructed and maximal velocities were measured with an ultrasound(More)
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