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The aim of this study was to investigate the possible role of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-receptor overactivity in two different experimental rat models of encephalopathy: subacute encephalopathy caused by severe hyperammonemia in portacaval-shunted rats (AI-PCS rats) and acute hepatic encephalopathy caused by complete liver ischemia (LIS rats). The effect(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The pathogenetic factors contributing to encephalopathy in portacaval shunted rats with hyperammonaemia were studied. METHODS Hyperammonaemia was induced by ammonium-acetate infusions in portacaval shunted rats (2.8 mmol.kg bw-1.h-1; AI-portacaval shunted rats) and in sham-portacaval shunted rats (6.5 mmol.kg bw-1.h-1; AI-NORM rats).(More)
Both increased gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-ergic and decreased glutamatergic neurotransmission have been suggested relative to the pathophysiology of hepatic encephalopathy. This proposed disturbance in neurotransmitter balance, however, is based mainly on brain tissue analysis. Because the approach of whole tissue analysis is of limited value with(More)
A major roadblock to the application of bioartificial livers is the need for a human liver cell line that displays a high and broad level of hepatic functionality. The human bipotent liver progenitor cell line HepaRG is a promising candidate in this respect, for its potential to differentiate into hepatocytes and bile duct cells. Metabolism and synthesis of(More)
As a promising dopamine D2-receptor imaging agent for single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT), [123I](S)-(-)-2-hydroxy-3-iodo-6-methoxy-N [(1-ethyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)methyl]benzamide ([123I]IBZM) has recently been synthesized in a modified way along with its precursor, S(-)BZM, and the stereoisomer R(+)BZM. The present study applied this new(More)
Intracerebral microdialysis was applied to monitor the neocortical extracellular levels of the aromatic amino acids phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan, the neurotransmitters dopamine (DA), noradrenaline (NA), and serotonin (5-HT), and the metabolites 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and 5-hydroxyindole-3-acetic acid (5-HIAA) in rats with various(More)
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