Martinus A. W. Maas

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The aim of this study was to investigate the possible role of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-receptor overactivity in two different experimental rat models of encephalopathy: subacute encephalopathy caused by severe hyperammonemia in portacaval-shunted rats (AI-PCS rats) and acute hepatic encephalopathy caused by complete liver ischemia (LIS rats). The effect(More)
Intracerebral microdialysis was applied to monitor the neocortical extracellular levels of the aromatic amino acids phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan, the neurotransmitters dopamine (DA), noradrenaline (NA), and serotonin (5-HT), and the metabolites 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and 5-hydroxyindole-3-acetic acid (5-HIAA) in rats with various(More)
Both increased gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-ergic and decreased glutamatergic neurotransmission have been suggested relative to the pathophysiology of hepatic encephalopathy. This proposed disturbance in neurotransmitter balance, however, is based mainly on brain tissue analysis. Because the approach of whole tissue analysis is of limited value with(More)
The effects of hyperammonemia on brain function have been studied in three different experimental models in the rat: acute liver ischemia, urease-treated animals and methionine sulfoximine-treated animals. To quantify the development of encephalopathy, clinical grading and electroencephalographic spectral analysis were used as indicators. In all three(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) administration to human subjects or experimental animals induces changes in thyroid hormone metabolism resembling those in the sick euthyroid syndrome. Furthermore, the decrease in serum T3 during illness is significantly related to serum IL-6 concentrations. These findings suggest, but do not prove, a causal role for IL-6 in the(More)
Many enzymes are distributed heterogeneously within the liver lobule. The factors that play a determining role in the establishment and maintenance of these heterogeneous expression patterns have not yet been identified. To investigate whether the composition of the afferent hepatic blood plays a crucial role in the maintenance of the heterogeneity of gene(More)
As a promising dopamine D2-receptor imaging agent for single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT), [123I](S)-(-)-2-hydroxy-3-iodo-6-methoxy-N [(1-ethyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)methyl]benzamide ([123I]IBZM) has recently been synthesized in a modified way along with its precursor, S(-)BZM, and the stereoisomer R(+)BZM. The present study applied this new(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the efficacy of our novel extracorporeal bioartificial liver (BAL) to support rats with complete liver ischemia (LIS) could be improved by extending the culture time of freshly isolated porcine hepatocytes from 14 hours to 38 hours. The results showed that survival as well as porcine hepatocyte integrity(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS There is an urgent need for an effective bioartificial liver system to bridge patients with fulminant hepatic failure to liver transplantation or to regeneration of their own liver. Recently, we proposed a bioreactor with a novel design for use as a bioartificial liver (BAL). The reactor comprises a spirally wound nonwoven polyester fabric(More)
The zonal patterns of gene expression in the liver of the rat are not affected by alteration of the afferent hepatic blood source. We investigated whether afferent hepatic blood source or flow rate affects the metabolic capacity of the liver. Using microsurgical techniques, we changed the afferent hepatic blood source to solely arterial blood, solely portal(More)