Martino Marangella

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The overall probability of forming stones differs in various parts of the world: 1-5% in Asia, 5-9% in Europe, 13% in North America, 20% in Saudi Arabia. The composition of stones and their location in the urinary tract, bladder or kidneys may also significantly differ in different countries. Moreover, in the same region, the clinical and metabolic patterns(More)
Primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1) is an autosomal recessive disorder that is caused by a deficiency of alanine: glyoxylate aminotransferase (AGT), which is encoded by a single copy gene (AGXT). Molecular diagnosis was used in conjunction with clinical, biochemical, and enzymological data to evaluate genotype-phenotype correlation. Twenty-three unrelated,(More)
Uric acid, a weak organic acid, has very low pH-dependent solubility in aqueous solutions. About 70% of urate elimination occurs in urine, the kidney standing as a major determinant of plasma levels. The complex renal handling results in a fractional clearance of less than 10%. Recently identified urate-specific transporter/channels are involved in tubular(More)
BACKGROUND Recently published guidelines on the medical management of renal stone disease did not address relevant topics in the field of idiopathic calcium nephrolithiasis, which are important also for clinical research. DESIGN A steering committee identified 27 questions, which were proposed to a faculty of 44 experts in nephrolithiasis and allied(More)
  • P Messa, M Marangella, +5 authors G Mioni
  • Clinical science
  • 1997
1. Dietary calcium restriction, an efficient practice in reducing urinary calcium excretion, has been reported to induce either an increase or no change in oxalate excretion, questioning its use in hypercalciuric stone-forming patients. In addition, calcium restriction has been previously demonstrated to induce other urinary changes which might influence(More)
Primary hyperoxaluria Type 1 is a rare autosomal recessive inborn error of glyoxylate metabolism, caused by a deficiency of the liver-specific enzyme alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase. The disorder results in overproduction and excessive urinary excretion of oxalate, causing recurrent urolithiasis and nephrocalcinosis. As glomerular filtration rate(More)
The hyperoxaluria syndromes can be differentiated by the assessment of associated abnormalities in generation and urine excretion of metabolically related molecules. Based on the experience gained in our laboratory during the last decade, we have developed a comprehensive diagnostic work-up, which includes measurements of oxalate, glycolate and L-glycerate(More)
1. The serum oxalate concentration rises in chronic renal failure and it is only partially eliminated by regular dialysis treatment. However, the recent literature is not conclusive on whether progressive oxalate retention and secondary oxalosis should be expected in patients on regular dialysis treatment. 2. To further investigate this, we have estimated(More)