Martino Furio

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The functional role of the capsaicin-sensitive innervation of the rat urinary bladder in regulating micturition has been investigated by means of the transvesical cystometrogram which allows study of the effects of drugs on the various phases of the bladder voiding cycle in urethane-anesthetized rats. Capsaicin desensitization (50-125 mg./kg., 4 to 60 days(More)
SC-19220 (5-20 mg/kg i.v.), a competitive receptor antagonist of PGE, increased the bladder capacity and reduced the voiding efficiency of micturition (elicited by slow transvesical filling) of urethane-anesthetized rats. The effect of SC-19220 was prevented by indomethacin pretreatment, whereas indomethacin per se mimicked the effects of SC-19220. SC-19220(More)
The effect of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic drugs on micturition reflexes was investigated in urethane-anesthetized rats. Intracisternally administered GABA or homotaurine inhibited, in a bicuculline-sensitive manner, the supraspinal micturition reflex. Bicuculline or picrotoxin increased the amplitude and duration of the micturition contractions of(More)
A new cystometric technique has been developed that is suitable for quantitative studies on physiopharmacology of micturition in conscious, freely moving rats. The method involves the transvesical infusion of warm saline at various filling rates through a catheter chronically implanted into the bladder dome. The various parameters of the collecting and(More)
The effect of two widely used cyclooxygenase inhibitors (indomethacin and ketoprofen) on the low filling rate cystometrogram was investigated in urethane anesthetized rats. Both indomethacin and ketoprofen significantly increased volume threshold to elicit neurogenic bladder contractions without affecting their amplitude. Also the pressure threshold was(More)
The effects of clonidine (CLO) on reflexly activated bladder motility have been examined in urethane-anesthetized rats and compared to its effects on field stimulation-induced contractions of isolated urinary bladder. Intravenous CLO suppressed micturition reflex transiently in a yohimbine-sensitive manner. The suppressive effect of i.v. CLO was greater(More)
The pharmacological profile of the new anticonvulsant etazepine (5,6-dihydro-5-methyl-11H-11-ethoxy-dibenzo[b,e]azepin-6-one) was investigated. It protected mice and rats from a wide variety of convulsant agents (maximal electroshock, pentetrazol (metrazole), bicuculline, strychnine, 3-mercaptopropionic acid, nicotine, cefazoline and kainic acid) at doses(More)
Topical application of exogenous prostanoids (PGE2, TBX B2) on the serosal surface of the urinary bladder of urethane-anaesthetized rats activated reflex micturition. Likewise, intravesical instillation of PGE2 during the cystometrogram lowered the threshold for reflex micturition. Both effects were prevented by systemic capsaicin desensitization (50 mg/kg(More)
We reviewed the records of 49 patients who had 55 episodes of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) from January 1984 to January 1987. Thirty-three patients had acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), with the risk groups being homosexual/bisexual practices (26), hemophilia (6), and blood transfusion (1). Fourteen patients had a history of malignancy or(More)
1. The effect of (±)-baclofen on micturition reflexes was investigated in urethane-anaesthetized rats. A ‘low’ dose of (±)-baclofen (0.5 mg/kg i.v.) barely affected the early phase of the transurethral cystometrogram (CMG) which involves activation of a spinal vesico-vesical excitatory reflex. 2. At a higher dose (2.5 mg/kg i.v.) (±)-baclofen suppressed(More)