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Oligosaccharide fragments of glycosaminoglycans may be separated for rapid analysis by electrophoresis through a 10% polyacrylamide matrix. An extensive ladder-like set of bands is observed for partial testicular hyaluronidase digests of chondroitin 4- or 6-sulphate, and for dermatan sulphate. Co-electrophoresis of purified oligosaccharides has established(More)
Regulation of mesangial matrix deposition is a dynamic phenomenon involving synthetic and degradative processes. The latter involve a number of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) and tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases (TIMP). Experimental studies suggest that mesangial matrix degradation is inhibited in diabetic nephropathy, and that this(More)
The diarrhetic shellfish toxin composition in the hepatopancreas of mussels from the northern Adriatic sea was investigated. The major toxins were shown to be yessotoxin (YTX), homoyessotoxin (homoYTX) and 45-hydroxyyessotoxin (45-OHYTX), identified by comparison of their chromatographic and spectral properties with those reported in the literature.
BACKGROUND It is hypothesized that in acute and chronic CsA nephrotoxicity, in vivo models CsA side-effects are mediated by Renin-Angiotensin II (RAS)-TGF-beta-1 pathway. However, to induce chronic nephrotoxicity, CsA administration has to be combined with a low salt diet, which causes hemodynamic changes and RAS up-regulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS In(More)
While the occurrence of yessotoxin (YTX) has been reported worldwide from Protoceratium reticulatum, the biogenetic origin of some YTX analogues is still unknown, thus raising an issue whether they are metabolites of YTX formed in mussels or true products of different dinoflagellate species. Findings reported herein suggest that P. reticulatum from the(More)
Massive blooms of the benthic dinoflagellate Ostreopsis ovata Fukuyo have recently occurred along the whole Italian coastlines, both Tyrrhenian and Adriatic, resulting sometimes in benthonic biocenosis sufferings and, occasionally, in human health problems. In this work, two strains of O. ovata collected in 2006 along the Adriatic and Tyrrhenian coastlines(More)
The diarrhetic shellfish toxin composition in the digestive glands of mussels from the northern Adriatic sea was investigated. Along with known yessotoxins, identified by comparison of their chromatographic and spectral properties with those reported in the literature, we isolated a new analogue of yessotoxin,(More)
The contamination of shellfish with marine biotoxins derived from microalgae represents a serious problem for shellfish industries and public health. This study investigated the composition of diarrhetic shellfish toxins in the digestive glands of mussels from the Northern Adriatic Sea. Along with known yessotoxins, identified by comparison of their(More)
This study investigated the composition of diarrhoetic shellfish toxins in the hepatopancreas of mussels from the northern Adriatic Sea. The major toxins were shown to be yessotoxin, identified by its chromatographic properties and spectral data, and okadaic acid, detected both by fluorometric high-performance liquid chromatography and by comparison of its(More)
A liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS) method is proposed for the sensitive, specific and direct detection of yessotoxin and its analogues, marine biotoxins which are associated with diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP) and which have been found in the North Adriatic sea since 1995. The LC-MS method provided a detection limit of 70 pg for(More)