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The permeability transition pore (PTP) is a mitochondrial channel whose opening causes the mitochondrial membrane potential (deltapsi) collapse that leads to apoptosis. Some ubiquinone analogues have been demonstrated previously to modulate the PTP open-closed transition in isolated mitochondria and thought to act through a common PTP-binding site rather(More)
PURPOSE Cannabinoids have been recently proposed as a new family of potential antitumor agents. The present study was undertaken to investigate the expression of the two cannabinoid receptors, CB1 and CB2, in colorectal cancer and to provide new insight into the molecular pathways underlying the apoptotic activity induced by their activation. EXPERIMENTAL(More)
Maneuvering single gene expression is not only an optimal way to study gene function but also an ambitious goal, which will lead to the treatment of a variety of human diseases whose main pathogenetic event is a genetic alteration. The recent efforts focusing on the genome project have led to array based, high throughput, gene expression analysis techniques(More)
Hypoxic and chemical hypoxia (antimycin A) commits cultured rat fibroblasts (Rat-1) towards apoptosis, necrosis or an intermediate form of cell death (aponecrosis) depending on the degree of hypoxia. Aponecrosis also occurs in vivo. Here, we demonstrate that c-myc and bcl-2, two proto-oncogenes known to lower or to enhance, respectively, the apoptotic(More)
The control of mRNA stability is becoming recognized as a crucial point of gene expression regulation. A common element responsible for mRNA decay modulation is the adenine- and uracil-rich element that is found in the 3' untranslated region of numerous mRNAs subjected to fast expression changes in response to various stimuli. Previously we identified a(More)
We describe here the main natural compounds used in cancer therapy and prevention, the historical aspects of their application and pharmacognosy. Two major applications of these compounds are described: as cancer therapeutics and as chemopreventive compounds. Both natural compounds, extracted from plants or animals or produced by microbes (antibiotics), and(More)
Paraquat (PQ) is a widely used herbicide that causes acute adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and chronic lung damage (diffuse fibrosis). One of the earliest biochemical effects induced by PQ is damage to type II pneumocytes with consequent depletion of surfactant. With the aim of counteracting the toxic effects of PQ, a series of investigations(More)
Proliferation and differentiation of osteoclasts are regulated by a cytokine system that includes RANKL, which binds 2 receptors: RANK, which activates osteoclast differentiation, and osteoprotegerin (OPG), a decoy receptor that limits RANKL action. We investigated the role of the OPG/RANKL/RANK network in the pathogenesis of skeletal metastasis in(More)
We previously identified a conserved A + U-rich element (ARE) in the 3'-untranslated region of bcl-2 mRNA. We have also recently demonstrated that the bcl-2 ARE interacts with a number of ARE-binding proteins (AUBPs) whose pattern changes during apoptosis in association with bcl-2 mRNA half-life reduction. Here we show that the AUBP AUF1 binds in vitro to(More)
Modulation of mRNA stability by regulatory cis-acting AU-rich elements (AREs) and ARE-binding proteins is an important posttranscriptional mechanism of gene expression control. We previously demonstrated that the 3'-untranslated region of BCL-2 mRNA contains an ARE that accounts for rapid BCL-2 down-regulation in response to apoptotic stimuli. We also(More)