Martine Rival

Learn More
Midazolam (MDZ) is one of the most commonly used in vivo and in vitro CYP3A4 probe substrates for drug-drug interactions (DDI) studies. The major metabolic pathway of MDZ in humans consists of the CYP3A4-mediated 1'-hydroxylation followed by urinary excretion as 1'-O-glucuronide derivative. In the present study, following incubation of MDZ with human liver(More)
Supplementation of formulas with prebiotics enhances the growth of lactate producing bacteria, and fecal lactate, and acetate levels in infants. High concentrations of organic acids in intestinal lumen have, however, been shown to impair the intestinal barrier function. To determine whether stimulating the colonic microbiotal metabolism with prebiotics(More)
Colonic mucosal protection is provided by the mucus gel, mainly composed of mucins. Several factors can modulate the formation and the secretion of mucins, and among them butyrate, an end-product of carbohydrate fermentation. However, the specific effect of butyrate on the various colonic mucins, and the consequences in terms of the mucus layer thickness(More)
Colonic mucosal protection is provided by mucous gel, mainly composed of secreted (Muc2) and membrane-bound (Muc1, Muc3, Muc4) mucins. Our aim was to determine the expression profile of secreted and membrane-bound mucins in experimental dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis. Acute colitis was induced in Balb/C mice by oral administration of 1.0% DSS(More)
Three dietary fibres with different physicochemical properties were studied in healthy humans for their effects on small intestinal motility and postprandial hyperglycaemia. Duodeno-jejunal motor activity was evaluated electromyographically for 180 min in six subjects who had ingested a test meal composed of glucose alone or glucose with 15 g of wheat bran(More)
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is a leading cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity and increases the risk for necrotizing enterocolitis. We hypothesized that colonic barrier disruption could be responsible for intestinal frailty in infants and adults born with IUGR. Mucins and trefoil factor family 3 (TFF3) actively contribute to epithelium(More)