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Glutathione peroxidase (GPX), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase are the most important enzymes of the cell antioxidant defense system. However, these molecules are themselves susceptible to oxidation. The aim of this work was to estimate to what extent this system could be inactivated by its own substrates. We tested the effect of hydrogen peroxide,(More)
The protozoan parasite Trypanosoma brucei is lysed by apolipoprotein L-I, a component of human high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particles that are also characterized by the presence of haptoglobin-related protein. We report that this process is mediated by a parasite glycoprotein receptor, which binds the haptoglobin-hemoglobin complex with high affinity for(More)
Many pathogenic bacteria use a regulatory process termed quorum sensing (QS) to produce and detect small diffusible molecules to synchronize gene expression within a population. In Gram-negative bacteria, the detection of, and response to, these molecules depends on transcriptional regulators belonging to the LuxR family. Such a system has been discovered(More)
The pathogenicity of Listeria monocytogenes is related to its ability of invading and multiplying in eukaryotic cells. Its main virulence factors are now well characterized, but limited proteomic data is available concerning its adaptation to the intracellular environment. In this study, L. monocytogenes EGD (serotype 1/2a) grown in human THP-1 monocytes(More)
Fibroblasts from hamster embryos were serially cultivated in vitro and their evolution followed from a morphological, physiological and biochemical point of view. After an exponential growth for about 20 passages, cells entered the ageing phase which ended up after 29-34 passages. From our observations, it seems that the arrest of growth results from two(More)
We characterized a new signaling pathway leading to the activation of cAMP-responsive element-binding protein (CREB) in several cell lines affected by mitochondrial dysfunction. In vitro kinase assays, inhibitors of several kinase pathways and overexpression of a dominant-negative mutant for calcium/calmodulin kinase IV (CaMKIV), which blocks the activation(More)
Persistent stimulation of G protein-coupled receptors by agonists leads rapidly to reduced responses, a phenomenon described as desensitization. It involves primarily the phosphorylation of receptor sites by specific kinases of the G protein-coupled receptor kinase (GRK) family. The beta-adrenergic receptor kinase 1 (GRK2) desensitizes agonist-activated(More)
Collagenases are thought to be involved in physiological and pathological processes that require extracellular matrix remodeling. Using the in situ hybridization technique, we describe the expression of interstitial collagenase gene during mouse embryogenesis between E6.5 and E17. We demonstrate that interstitial collagenase expression is exclusively(More)
A mismatch between fetal and postnatal environment can permanently alter the body structure and physiology and therefore contribute later to obesity and related disorders, as revealed by epidemiological studies. Early programming of adipose tissue might be central in this observation. Moreover, adipose tissue secretes adipokines that provide a molecular(More)
Life in oligotrophic environments necessitates quick adaptive responses to a sudden lack of nutrients. Secretion of specific degradative enzymes into the extracellular medium is a means to mobilize the required nutrient from nearby sources. The aquatic bacterium Caulobacter crescentus must often face changes in its environment such as phosphate limitation.(More)