Martine Jean

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Highly parallel SNP genotyping platforms have been developed for some important crop species, but these platforms typically carry a high cost per sample for first-time or small-scale users. In contrast, recently developed genotyping by sequencing (GBS) approaches offer a highly cost effective alternative for simultaneous SNP discovery and genotyping. In the(More)
An improved genetic linkage map has been constructed for cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp.) based on the segregation of various molecular markers and biological resistance traits in a population of 94 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) derived from the cross between 'IT84S-2049' and '524B'. A set of 242 molecular markers, mostly amplified fragment length(More)
Polyploidy is known to be common in plants and recent work has focused on the rapid changes in genome structure and expression that occur upon polyploidization. In Arabidopsis, much of this work has been done on a synthetic allotetraploid obtained by crossing a tetraploid Arabidopsis thaliana (2n = 4x = 20) with A. arenosa (2n = 4x = 32). To explore an(More)
We examined the effects of substrate divergence and DNA mismatch repair (MMR) on recombination in Arabidopsis thaliana. Relative to the frequency observed in plants with a homologous construct (0% divergence), recombination was decreased 4.1-, 9.6-, 11.7- or 20.3-fold, respectively, in lines with constructs containing 0.5%, 2%, 4% or 9% divergence between(More)
The eukaryotic DNA mismatch repair (MMR) system contributes to maintaining genome integrity and DNA sequence fidelity in at least two important ways: by correcting errors arising during DNA replication, and also by preventing recombination events between divergent sequences. This study aimed to investigate the role of one key MMR gene in recombination. We(More)
DNA mismatch repair systems play an essential role in the maintenance of genetic information in living organisms and are also implicated in genetic recombination and genome stability. Using degenerate primers, we have cloned the first plant homologue of the E. coli MutL gene, which we have called AtMLH1 for Arabidopsis thaliana MutL-homologue 1. AtMLH1 is(More)
A reporter system using engineered introns as recombination substrates in the uidA (GUS) gene has been developed and characterized in Arabidopsis thaliana. The non-coding nature of the recombination substrate has allowed us to monitor recombination events between duplicated copies of the intron that are either identical (homologous recombination) or harbour(More)
Mismatch repair (MMR) genes participate in the maintenance of genome stability in all organisms. Based on its high degree of sequence conservation, it seems likely that the AtPMS1 gene of Arabidopsis thaliana is part of the MMR system in this model plant. To test this hypothesis, we aimed to disrupt AtPMS1 function by over-expressing mutated alleles(More)
The eukaryotic DNA mismatch repair (MMR) system contributes to maintaining the fidelity of genetic information by correcting replication errors and preventing illegitimate recombination events. This study aimed to examine the function(s) of the Arabidopsis thaliana PMS1 gene (AtPMS1), one of three homologs of the bacterial MutL gene in plants. Two(More)
Pearl millet is the main component of traditional farming systems and a staple grain in the diet of sub-Saharan Africa and India. To facilitate breeding work in this crop, a genetic map consisting of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers was constructed using an F2 population of 93 progenies, from a wild × cultivated pearl millet cross. We used a(More)