Martine J. Smit

Learn More
Previously it was shown that the HHV-8-encoded chemokine receptor ORF74 shows considerable agonist-independent, constitutive activity giving rise to oncogenic transformation (Arvanitakis, L., Geras-Raaka, E., Varma, A., Gershengorn, M. C., and Cesarman, E. (1997) Nature 385, 347-350). In this study we report that a second viral-encoded chemokine receptor,(More)
In this article, we review the recent developments in the field of histamine research. Besides the description of pharmacological tools for the H1, H2 and H3 receptor, specific attention is paid to both the molecular aspects of the receptor proteins, including the recent cloning of the receptor genes, and their respective signal transduction mechanisms.
We combined in a previously derived three-dimensional model of the histamine H(1) receptor (Ter Laak, A. M., Timmerman, H., Leurs, H., Nederkoorn, P. H. J., Smit, M. J., and Donne-Op den Kelder, G. M. (1995) J. Comp. Aid. Mol. Design. 9, 319-330) a pharmacophore for the H(1) antagonist binding site (Ter Laak, A. M., Venhorst, J., Timmerman, H., and Donné-Op(More)
Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappa B) is an important transcription factor in inflammation that has obtained a great interest as a drug target for the treatment of various allergic conditions. In this study, we show that the histamine H(1) receptor, which is also an important player in allergic and inflammatory conditions, activates NF-kappa B in both a(More)
We identified the cDNAs of three functional rat H3 receptor isoforms (H3A, H3B, and H3C) and one nonfunctional truncated H3 receptor (H3T). The H3A, H3B, and H3C receptor isoforms vary in the length of their third intracellular loop; the H3B and H3C receptor lack 32 and 48 amino acids, respectively. Transient expression of the H3A, H3B, and H3C receptors in(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a widely spread herpesvirus, suggested to play a role in tumor progression. US28, a chemokine receptor encoded by HCMV, binds a broad spectrum of chemokines and constitutively activates various pathways linked to proliferation. Our studies reveal that expression of US28 induces a proangiogenic and transformed phenotype by(More)
G protein-coupled chemokine receptors and their peptidergic ligands are interesting therapeutic targets due to their involvement in various immune-related diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, inflammatory bowel disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, HIV-1 infection and cancer. To tackle these diseases, a lot of effort has(More)
In previous studies we showed that the wild-type histamine H(2) receptor stably expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells is constitutively active. Because constitutive activity of the H(2) receptor is already found at low expression levels (300 fmol/mg protein) this receptor is a relatively unique member of the G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) family and a(More)
US28 is a viral G protein (heterotrimeric guanosine triphosphate-binding protein)-coupled receptor encoded by the human cytomegalovirus (HCMV). In addition to binding and internalizing chemokines, US28 constitutively activates signaling pathways linked to cell proliferation. Here, we show increased concentrations of vascular endothelial growth factor and(More)
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) respond to a chemically diverse plethora of signal transduction molecules. The notion that GPCRs also signal without an external chemical trigger, i.e., in a constitutive or spontaneous manner, resulted in a paradigm shift in the field of GPCR pharmacology. The discovery of constitutive GPCR activity and the fact that(More)