Martine Heyman

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Given the observations that intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) can present antigens to CD4(+) T lymphocytes and that professional antigen-presenting cells secrete exosomes (antigen-presenting vesicles), we hypothesized that IECs may secrete exosomes carrying molecules implicated in antigen presentation, which may be able to cross the(More)
BACKGROUND Probiotic bacteria have a beneficial effect on intestinal inflammation. In this study, we have examined the effect of lactic acid and commensal Gram positive (+) bacteria conditioned media (CM) on tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) release and the mechanisms involved. METHODS Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced TNF-alpha secretion by(More)
BACKGROUND CARD15/NOD2 mutations are associated with susceptibility to Crohn's Disease (CD) and Graft Versus Host Disease (GVHD). CD and GVHD are suspected to be related with the dysfunction of Peyer's patches (PP) and isolated lymphoid follicles (LFs). Using a new mouse model invalidated for Card15/Nod2 (KO), we thus analysed the impact of the gene in(More)
The capacity of non-pathogenic enteric bacteria to induce a pro-inflammatory response is under debate in terms of its effect on the symbiosis between the mammalian host and its commensal gut microflora. Activation of NF-kappaB and induction of interleukin-8 (IL-8) and CCL-20 by the commensal Escherichia coli strain MG1655 were first studied in vitro in the(More)
Summary: Na-dependent L-lysine epithelial transport was assessed in vitro by measuring the intracellular accumulation and unidirectional influx across the enterocyte brush border membrane. Pieces of jejunum were obtained by peroral biopsies from 27 “control” children and 2 cystinuric patients. In these patients, the following observations are recorded: 1)(More)
Previous studies indicate that certain probiotic bacterial strains or their soluble products can alleviate proinflammatory cytokine secretion by intestinal epithelial cells (IEC), but their impact on epithelial chloride (Cl(-)) secretion remains elusive. To further decipher the mechanisms of the cross-talk between bacteria/soluble factors and epithelial(More)
Microbial balance is an important factor in the maintenance of intestinal homeostasis, and yogurt or fermented milk supplementation has been proposed to control diarrheal diseases. A number of studies using animal models and clinical studies in humans have confirmed the beneficial effect of such fermented products in case of lactose intolerance, viral(More)
The expression of food protein allergy in man is very heterogeneous, varies with the age of the subject and is to a certain extent genetically determined. Skin prick tests with standardized food extracts are a sensitive method for detection of immunoglobulin E bound to reactive cells such as mast cells. Various tests on cellular immunity have been(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Intestinal dysfunction observed during cow's milk allergy (CMA) is incompletely understood, and neither the effector cells nor the mediators responsible have been clearly identified. This study was undertaken to better characterize the implication of mononuclear cells in food allergy. METHODS Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from(More)
Celiac disease (CD) is an enteropathy resulting from an abnormal immune response to gluten-derived peptides in genetically susceptible individuals. This immune response is initiated by intestinal transport of intact peptide 31-49 (p31-49) and 33-mer gliadin peptides through an unknown mechanism. We show that the transferrin receptor CD71 is responsible for(More)