Martine Dieuaide-Noubhani

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The changes in the intermediary metabolism of plant cells were quantified according to growth conditions at three different stages of the growth cycle of tomato cell suspension. Eighteen fluxes of central metabolism were calculated from (13)C enrichments after near steady-state labeling by a metabolic model similar to that described in Dieuaide-Noubhani et(More)
Metabolic pathways of the intermediate metabolism of maize root tips were identified and quantified after labeling to isotopic and metabolic steady state using glucose labeled on carbon-1, -2, or -6 with 14C or 13C. The specific radioactivity of amino acids and the 13C-specific enrichment of specific carbons of free glucose, sucrose, alanine and glutamate(More)
Substrate (futile) cycling involving carbohydrate turnover has been widely reported in plant tissues, although its extent, mechanisms, and functions are not well known. In this study, two complementary approaches, short and steady-state labeling experiments, were used to analyze glucose metabolism in maize (Zea mays) root tips. Unidirectional rates of(More)
Substrate cycles, also called "futile" cycles, are ubiquitous and lead to a net consumption of ATP which, in the normoxic maize root, have been estimated at about 50% of the total ATP produced [Alonso, A.P., Vigeolas, H., Raymond, P., Rolin, D., Dieuaide-Noubhani, M., 2005. A new substrate cycle in plants. Evidence for a high glucose-phosphate-to-glucose(More)
In order to understand the role of sucrose synthase (SuSy) in carbon partitioning, metabolic fluxes were analyzed in maize root tips of a double mutant of SuSy genes, sh1 sus1 and the corresponding wild type, W22. [U-(14)C]-glucose pulse labeling experiments permitted the quantification of unidirectional fluxes into sucrose, starch and cell wall(More)
Two-month-old tomato plants were submitted to day/night cycles and to prolonged darkness in order to investigate the physiological and biochemical response to sugar starvation in sink organs. Roots appeared particularly sensitive to the cessation of photosynthesis, as revealed by the reduction of the growth rate and the decline of the carbohydrate and(More)
A kinetic model combining enzyme activity measurements and subcellular compartmentation was parameterized to fit the sucrose, hexose, and glucose-6-P contents of pericarp throughout tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) fruit development. The model was further validated using independent data obtained from domesticated and wild tomato species and on transgenic(More)
Modelling of metabolic networks is a powerful tool to analyse the behaviour of developing plant organs, including fruits. Guided by our current understanding of heterotrophic metabolism of plant cells, a medium-scale stoichiometric model, including the balance of co-factors and energy, was constructed in order to describe metabolic shifts that occur through(More)
13C metabolic flux analysis is one of the pertinent ways to compare two or more physiological states. From a more theoretical standpoint, the structural properties of metabolic networks can be analysed to explore feasible metabolic behaviours and to define the boundaries of steady state flux distributions. Elementary flux mode analysis is one of the most(More)
Isotopic tracers are used to both trace metabolic pathways and quantify fluxes through these pathways. The use of different labeling methods recently led to profound changes in our views of plant metabolism. Examples are taken from primary metabolism, with sugar interconversions, carbon partitioning between glycolysis and the pentose phosphate pathway, or(More)