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Aging and diabetes in women increase their susceptibility to myocardial ischemic injury, but the cellular mechanisms involved are not understood. Consequently, we studied the influence of gender on cardiac insulin resistance and ischemic injury in the aging of Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rat, a model of type 2 diabetes. Male and female GK rats had heart/body weight(More)
Insulin resistance, altered lipid metabolism and mitochondrial dysfunction in skeletal muscle would play a major role in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) development, but the causal relationships between these events remain conflicting. To clarify this issue, gastrocnemius muscle function and energetics were investigated throughout a multidisciplinary(More)
Obesity is associated with risk factors for cardiovascular disease, including insulin resistance, and can lead to cardiac hypertrophy and congestive heart failure. Here, we used the insulin-sensitizing agent rosiglitazone to investigate the cellular mechanisms linking insulin resistance in the obese Zucker rat heart with increased susceptibility to ischemic(More)
OBJECTIVE Whole body insulin resistance and diabetes are risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, yet little is known about insulin resistance in the diabetic heart. The aim of this work was to define the insulin response in hearts of the Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rat, a polygenic model of spontaneous type 2 diabetes. METHODS We measured D[2-3H]glucose uptake(More)
An ECG and respiration-gated spin-labeling gradient-echo imaging technique is proposed for the quantitative and completely noninvasive measurement and mapping of myocardial perfusion in small animals in vivo. In contrast to snapshot FLASH imaging, the spatial resolution of the perfusion maps is not limited by the heart rate. A significant improvement in(More)
We investigated the tolerance of the insulin-resistant diabetic heart to ischemic injury in the male Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rat, a model of type 2 diabetes. Changes in energy metabolism, nitric oxide (NO) pathway, and cardiac function were assessed in the presence of physiological substrates. Age-matched control Wistar (n = 19) and GK (n = 18) isolated rat(More)
Recent studies have suggested the involvement of the nitric oxide (NO) pathway in ischemia-reperfusion injury related to cardiac transplantation. Herein, we assessed the NO pathway by quantifying endothelial (e) and inducible (i) nitric oxide synthase (NOS) expression and total NOS activity in a rat heart transplant model during cold ischemia with Celsior(More)
OBJECTIVE In type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular complications are related to microvascular abnormalities. In this work, we aimed at characterizing in vivo myocardial blood flow and left ventricular function of the Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rat as a nonobese model of type 2 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS We performed arterial spin labeling magnetic(More)
The chronic administration of the β-adrenoreceptor agonist isoproterenol (IsoP) is used in animals to study the mechanisms of cardiac hypertrophy and failure associated with a sustained increase in circulating catecholamines. Time-dependent changes in myocardial blood flow (MBF), morphological and functional parameters were assessed in rats in vivo using(More)
BACKGROUND We have evaluated the addition of L-arginine, a precursor of nitric oxide, to a cardioplegic solution (named CRMBM) designed for long-term heart preservation. METHODS Isolated isovolumic-perfused rat hearts (n = 22) were arrested with the CRMBM solution either with (Arg) or without L-arginine (2 mmol/L) (Arg group, n = 12, vs control group n =(More)