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The effect of the female genital tract on sperm is not well known. To investigate the effect of cervical mucus on the lipid content of human sperm, we co-incubated sperm and mucus samples in vitro such that the sperm were able to swim in and out of the mucus samples. High performance liquid chromatography and UV detection were used to measure the lipid(More)
Vitamin E (Vit E) is an important component of the lung's defense against oxidant injury. The aim of this study was to determine a) if adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) was associated with a decrease in Vit E plasma level linked to an enhancement of plasma lipoperoxidation, and b) if this Vit E deficiency might be explained by malnutrition and/or a(More)
Oxidative modification of low-density lipoproteins (LDLs) is an important feature in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. Aminoguanidine (AMG), classically described as an inhibitor of advanced glycation end products, turned out to be also efficient in animal models as an antioxidant against lipid peroxidation. The originality of the present(More)
The intracellular ATP and amino acid concentrations were determined in human fibroblast cultures reaching confluence. The values obtained were very different, depending on the cell harvesting method: trypsinization or scraping. Trypsinization appeared to be the better method for measuring the ATP concentrations (21.25 +/- 0.96 nmol per mg cell protein),(More)
The uptake of oxidized LDL by macrophages is a key event in the development of atherosclerosis. The scavenger receptor CD36 is one major receptor that internalizes oxidized LDL. In differentiated human macrophages, we compared the regulation of CD36 expression by copper-oxidized LDL or their products. Only oxidized derivatives of cholesteryl ester (CEOOH)(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to define heterogeneity in the molecular profile of lipids, including sphingomyelin and sphingosine-1-phosphate, among physicochemically-defined HDL subpopulations and potential relevance to antiatherogenic biological activities of dense HDL3. METHODS AND RESULTS The molecular profile of lipids (cholesteryl esters,(More)
Abundant evidence has been provided to substantiate the elevated cardiovascular risk associated with small, dense, low density lipoprotein (LDL) particles. The diminished resistance of dense LDL to oxidative stress in both normolipidemic and dyslipidemic subjects is established; nonetheless, the molecular basis of this phenomenon remains indeterminate. We(More)
OBJECTIVE Small dense HDL3 particles of defined lipidome and proteome potently protect atherogenic LDL against free radical-induced oxidation; the molecular determinants of such antioxidative activity in these atheroprotective, antiinflammatory particles remain indeterminate. METHODS AND RESULTS Formation of redox-active phosphatidylcholine hydroperoxides(More)
Microcin B17 (MccB17) is a peptide antibiotic produced by Escherichia coli strains carrying the pMccB17 plasmid. MccB17 is synthesized as a precursor containing an amino-terminal leader peptide that is cleaved during maturation. Maturation requires the product of the chromosomal tldE (pmbA) gene. Mature microcin is exported across the cytoplasmic membrane(More)
Plasma lipid peroxide levels were studied in 40 children with chronic cholestasis comprising 21 with syndromatic paucity of interlobular bile ducts (PILBD) and 19 with biliary atresia. Compared to the controls, mean lipid peroxide values were twice as high in children with biliary atresia (4.56 +/- 2.28 nmol/ml) and four times as high in those with PILBD(More)