Martine Couturier

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Microcin B17 (MccB17) is a peptide antibiotic produced by Escherichia coli strains carrying the pMccB17 plasmid. MccB17 is synthesized as a precursor containing an amino-terminal leader peptide that is cleaved during maturation. Maturation requires the product of the chromosomal tldE (pmbA) gene. Mature microcin is exported across the cytoplasmic membrane(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to define heterogeneity in the molecular profile of lipids, including sphingomyelin and sphingosine-1-phosphate, among physicochemically-defined HDL subpopulations and potential relevance to antiatherogenic biological activities of dense HDL3. METHODS AND RESULTS The molecular profile of lipids (cholesteryl esters,(More)
Oxidative modification of low-density lipoproteins (LDLs) is an important feature in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. Aminoguanidine (AMG), classically described as an inhibitor of advanced glycation end products, turned out to be also efficient in animal models as an antioxidant against lipid peroxidation. The originality of the present(More)
OBJECTIVE Small dense HDL3 particles of defined lipidome and proteome potently protect atherogenic LDL against free radical-induced oxidation; the molecular determinants of such antioxidative activity in these atheroprotective, antiinflammatory particles remain indeterminate. METHODS AND RESULTS Formation of redox-active phosphatidylcholine hydroperoxides(More)
Oxidative stress plays a prominent role in the pathophysiology of cystic fibrosis (CF). Despite the presence of oxidative stress markers and a decreased antioxidant capacity in CF airway lining fluid, few studies have focused on the oxidant/antioxidant balance in CF cells. The aim of the current study was to investigate the cellular levels of reactive(More)
Plasma high-density lipoproteins (HDLs) protect endothelial cells against apoptosis induced by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL). The specific component(s) of HDLs implicated in such cytoprotection remain(s) to be identified. Human microvascular endothelial cells (HMEC-1) were incubated with mildly oxLDL in the presence or absence of each of five(More)
The nucleotide sequencing of replicons isolated from three new broad host range plasmids, pMOL98, pEMT8, and pEMT3, originating from polluted soils, showed a typical organization of iteron replicons replicating by the theta mode. In the pMOL98 replicon, the origin region and the rep gene were identified in complementation experiments. Sequence comparisons(More)
Narrow-host-range plasmid pPS10, originally found in Pseudomonas savastanoi, is unable to replicate in other strains such as Escherichia coli. Here, we report that the establishment of pPS10 in E. coli can be achieved by a triple mutation in the dnaA gene of E. coli (dnaA403), leading to Q14amber, P297S and A412V changes in the DnaA host replication protein(More)
The aim of our study was to determine, as a function of [Cu(2+)]/[LDL] ratios (0.5 and 0.05) and of oxidation phases, the extent of LDL oxidation by assessing the lipid and apo B oxidation products. The main results showed that: (i) kinetics of conjugated diene formation presented four phases for Cu(2+)/LDL ratio of 0.5 and two phases for [Cu(2+)]/[LDL](More)