Martine Couturier

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The nucleotide sequencing of replicons isolated from three new broad host range plasmids, pMOL98, pEMT8, and pEMT3, originating from polluted soils, showed a typical organization of iteron replicons replicating by the theta mode. In the pMOL98 replicon, the origin region and the rep gene were identified in complementation experiments. Sequence comparisons(More)
The ccd operon of plasmid F encodes two genes, ccdA and ccdB, which contribute to the high stability of the plasmid by post-segregational killing of plasmid-free bacteria. The CcdB protein is lethal to bacteria and the CcdA protein is an antagonist of this lethal action. A 520 by fragment containing the terminal part of the ccdA gene and the entire ccdB(More)
The effect of the female genital tract on sperm is not well known. To investigate the effect of cervical mucus on the lipid content of human sperm, we co-incubated sperm and mucus samples in vitro such that the sperm were able to swim in and out of the mucus samples. High performance liquid chromatography and UV detection were used to measure the lipid(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to define heterogeneity in the molecular profile of lipids, including sphingomyelin and sphingosine-1-phosphate, among physicochemically-defined HDL subpopulations and potential relevance to antiatherogenic biological activities of dense HDL3. METHODS AND RESULTS The molecular profile of lipids (cholesteryl esters,(More)
Vitamin E (Vit E) is an important component of the lung's defense against oxidant injury. The aim of this study was to determine a) if adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) was associated with a decrease in Vit E plasma level linked to an enhancement of plasma lipoperoxidation, and b) if this Vit E deficiency might be explained by malnutrition and/or a(More)
OBJECTIVE Small dense HDL3 particles of defined lipidome and proteome potently protect atherogenic LDL against free radical-induced oxidation; the molecular determinants of such antioxidative activity in these atheroprotective, antiinflammatory particles remain indeterminate. METHODS AND RESULTS Formation of redox-active phosphatidylcholine hydroperoxides(More)
This study aimed at investigating the in vitro protective effects of GWC22, a novel pinoline derivative [6-ethyl-1-(3-methoxyphenyl)-2-propyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-beta-carboline] chlorhydrate, against radiation-induced oxidation of linoleate initiated by hydroxyl radicals ((*)OH). Using linoleate micelles (10(-2) m) as lipid model, two indexes of peroxidation(More)
Oxidative modification of low-density lipoproteins (LDLs) is an important feature in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. Aminoguanidine (AMG), classically described as an inhibitor of advanced glycation end products, turned out to be also efficient in animal models as an antioxidant against lipid peroxidation. The originality of the present(More)
The intracellular ATP and amino acid concentrations were determined in human fibroblast cultures reaching confluence. The values obtained were very different, depending on the cell harvesting method: trypsinization or scraping. Trypsinization appeared to be the better method for measuring the ATP concentrations (21.25 +/- 0.96 nmol per mg cell protein),(More)
Plasma high-density lipoproteins (HDLs) protect endothelial cells against apoptosis induced by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL). The specific component(s) of HDLs implicated in such cytoprotection remain(s) to be identified. Human microvascular endothelial cells (HMEC-1) were incubated with mildly oxLDL in the presence or absence of each of five(More)