Martine Charbonneau

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In Xenopus embryos, previous results failed to detect changes in the activity of free calcium ions (Ca2+i) during cell division using Ca2(+)-selective microelectrodes, while experiments with aequorin yielded uncertain results complicated by the variation during cell division of the aequorin concentration to cell volume ratio. We now report, using(More)
In Pleurodeles waltl and Ambystoma mexicanum, which exhibit physiological polyspermy, the membrane potential in most eggs did not change in any consistent pattern during 45 min after fertilization; in some cases, a slow hyperpolarization began 5 to 15 min after insemination and continued for 10-15 min. These eggs then slowly depolarized, reaching a stable(More)
Immature, Stage VI oocytes of Xenopus laevis fail to activate (i.e., to propagate a cortical reaction and elevate a fertilization envelope) when pricked or exposed to A23187. We determined the times during maturation when immature oocytes treated with progesterone in vitro developed the capacity to respond to pricking and to ionophore. Responsiveness to(More)
INTRODUCTION The microenvironment surrounding inflamed synovium leads to the activation of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs), which are important contributors to cartilage destruction in rheumatoid arthritic (RA) joints. Transglutaminase 2 (TG2), an enzyme involved in extracellular matrix (ECM) cross-linking and remodeling, is activated by inflammatory(More)
In Xenopus embryos, the successive and rapid cell divisions that follow fertilization are accompanied by periodic oscillations of intracellular pH (pHi). Cycling of pHi occurs in phase with several other oscillatory activities, namely nuclear divisions, M phase-promoting factor (MPF) activity, and surface contraction waves (SCWs). We report that treatments(More)
At extracellular pH values close to their pKa values the weak bases, ammonia and procaine, elicited a series of events in non-activated Xenopus eggs, some of which resembled those normally occurring at fertilization. These included: (1) a transient increase in membrane conductance; (2) modification of the microvilli; (3) thickening of the cortical cytoplasm(More)
The fertilization potential in Xenopus eggs under normal circumstances is considered to be a unique event. It is associated with a concomitantly occurring cortical granule exocytosis. If eggs were exposed to weak bases, exocytosis was inhibited but the fertilization potential could still be evoked. After recovery from this first transient increase in(More)
Despite significant progress in the cancer field, tumor cell invasion and metastasis remain a major clinical challenge. Cell invasion across tissue boundaries depends largely on extracellular matrix degradation, which can be initiated by formation of actin-rich cell structures specialized in matrix degradation called invadopodia. Although the hypoxic(More)
We have made the first measurements of intracellular free calcium activity ([Ca2+]i) in urodele eggs during physiological polyspermic fertilization. Jellied eggs of the urodele amphibian Pleurodeles waltlii were impaled with intracellular Ca(2+)-selective microelectrodes and inseminated under various conditions of sperm:egg ratio to obtain various degrees(More)
The cortical endoplasmic reticulum (CER), which develops and becomes organized during oocyte maturation in Xenopus laevis (anuran amphibians), has been thought to be essential for the propagation of the activating signal at the time of fertilization, possibly by regulating intracellular Ca2+ (Ca2+i) (Charbonneau and Grey, Dev. Biol. 102, 90-97, 1984). The(More)