Martine Chambon

Learn More
Enterovirus infections were investigated with special emphasis on performing rapid molecular identification of enterovirus serotypes responsible for aseptic meningitis directly in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Enterovirus genotyping was carried out directly with specimens tested for the diagnostic procedure, using two seminested PCR assays designed to amplify(More)
Enteroviruses (EV) are the main etiological agents of aseptic meningitis. Diagnosis is made by detecting the genome using RT-PCR. The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of a positive diagnosis on the management of infants, children, and adults. During 2005, 442 patients were admitted to hospital with suspected meningitis. Clinical and laboratory(More)
Human echovirus types 6 (E-6) and 30 (E-30) cause seasonal epidemics of aseptic meningitis. These two enteroviruses are frequently observed in co-circulation, an epidemiological pattern that is prerequisite for the occurrence of dual infections, which can lead to recombination between co-infecting virus strains. Viral sequences were determined at loci 1D(More)
The seasonal incidence of enterovirus meningitis was analyzed in a prospective study of patients admitted for suspected meningitis from October 1, 1998 to April 30, 2000. In-house reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was used irrespective of cytological results. Fifty-two (45.2%) of the 115 patients had(More)
The activity of glutaraldehyde (GTA) against capsid proteins of poliovirus type 1 and echovirus type 25 was studied to understand the mode of action of this reagent against enteroviruses. The viruses were treated with GTA concentrations ranging from 0.005 to 0.10%. In the poliovirus particles, high-molecular-weight products were formed by 0.05% GTA, whereas(More)
Between February and August 1997, 53 patients with enterovirus meningitis were hospitalized in Clermont-Ferrand, France. All but one were children. Echovirus type 30 was involved in 70% of cases with identified serotype. The outbreak ceased on August 8. Two months later, a neonate was admitted to the neonatal unit with an echovirus type 30 meningitis(More)
BACKGROUND Enteroviruses are the most commonly identified cause of viral meningitis. Detection of the enterovirus genome in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) using reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has proved to be useful in diagnosis and is more rapid and sensitive than viral cultures. In routine practice, cytologic examination results of CSF(More)
Seven sequential isolates of echovirus type 30 (EV30) were recovered over 22 months from a child with severe combined immune deficiency syndrome. The nucleotide sequences of the 5' halves of the genomes (4,400 nucleotides) of the first (S1) and last (S7) isolates were determined and compared with that of the EV30 Bastianni reference strain, also determined(More)
The detection of the enterovirus genome in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) by PCR techniques has proved to be more sensitive than traditional cell culture for the diagnosis of enterovirus meningitis. However, PCR assays are time consuming and labor intensive, particularly if separate hybridization steps are used to confirm the specificity of positive findings.(More)