Martine Carreras

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We have isolated vesicular structures from mouse epididymal fluid, referred to as epididymosomes. Epididymosomes have a roughly spherical aspect and a bilayer membrane, and they are heterogeneous in size and content. They originate from the epididymal epithelium, notably from the caput region, and are emitted in the epididymal lumen by way of apocrine(More)
Recently, the cannabinoid (CB) receptor agonist anandamide (AEA) has been shown to excite perivascular terminals of primary sensory neurons via activation of the vanilloid receptor-1 (VR-1). To determine whether AEA stimulates central terminals of these neurons, via VR-1 activation, we studied the release of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)- and(More)
UNLABELLED Hepatitis C virus (HCV) particles associate viral and lipoprotein moieties to form hybrid lipoviral particles (LVPs). Cell culture-produced HCV (HCVcc) and ex vivo-characterized LVPs primarily differ by their apolipoprotein (apo) B content, which is low for HCVcc, but high for LVPs. Recombinant nucleocapsid-free subviral LVPs are assembled and(More)
Phosphoglucomutase, in addition to catalyzing the interconversion of glucose 1-P and glucose 6-P, catalyzes both the synthesis of glucose 1,6-P2 from glucose monophosphate and either fructose 1,6-P2 or glycerate 1,3-P2, and the hydrolysis of glucose 1,6-P2. Vanadate inhibits the mutase activity, activates the synthase activities, and does not affect the(More)
Vascular complications are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in diabetic patients. The contribution of platelets to thromboembolic complications is well documented, but their involvement in the initiation of the atherosclerotic process is of rising interest. Thus, the aim of the present study was to evaluate basal arachidonic acid metabolism in(More)
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) has been reported to elicit oxidative stress, which in turn can induce antioxidant enzymes. Glutathione peroxidase (GPx) has received particular attention in this respect, as this enzyme is specifically required for the degradation of lipid hydroperoxides. Because we previously found that DHA could protect against oxidative stress(More)
OBJECTIVE Increased secreted phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)) activity has been documented in several inflammatory disorders. Among sPLA(2)s, the human group X (hGX)-sPLA(2) has the highest catalytic activity towards phosphatidylcholine (PC), the major phospholipid of cell membranes and blood lipoproteins. hGX-sPLA(2) has been detected in human atherosclerotic(More)
1. Glycerate 1,3-P2-dependent glucose, 1,6-P2 synthase has been purified 2000-fold from pig skeletal muscle, with a yield of 75%. 2. The enzyme possesses fructose 1,6-P2-dependent glucose 1,6-P2 synthase and phosphoglucomutase activities, which represent 0.1 and 60% of the main activity, respectively. 3. Both glucose 1-P and glucose 6-P can act as acceptors(More)
Lipoproteins are both lipid carriers in the blood and regulators of essential biological processes. Several studies demonstrated that lipoproteins modified during pathological conditions could alter dendritic cell (DC) maturation. Here the immune function of non-pathological lipoproteins is addressed by analysing their impact on human DC maturation(More)
Pig tissues show four enzymatic activities of glucose 1,6-P2 synthesis: (A) 2 [glucose 1-P]----glucose 1,6-P2 + glucose; (B) glucose 1-P + ATP----glucose 1,6-P2 + ADP; (C) glucose 1-P + fructose 1,6-P2----glucose 1,6-P2 + fructose 6-P; (D) glucose 1-P + glycerate 1,3-P2----glucose 1,6-P2 + glycerate 3-P. Brain is the tissue with highest capability of(More)