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BACKGROUND AND DESIGN Cutaneous adverse drug reactions (ADRs) have been hypothesized to have a metabolic basis. Our aim was to identify detoxification defects involved in toxic epidermal necrolysis and other severe cutaneous ADRs. Lymphoid cells of 33 patients with cutaneous ADRs were challenged with reactive metabolites generated from drugs by a microsomal(More)
Carbamazepine is an anticonvulsant associated with a high risk for severe cutaneous reactions. Upon metabolism by cytochrome P450, carbamazepine may produce reactive metabolites. We evaluated in vitro the covalent binding of carbamazepine reactive metabolites on human P450s and then the presence of these P450s in human epidermis. Carbamazepine reactive(More)
Since the first description by Saltzstein in 1959, the denomination of drug-induced pseudolymphoma was used to describe two cutaneous adverse drug reactions with a histological picture mimicking malignant lymphoma. On the basis of clinical presentation, this term includes two different patterns: (1) hypersensitivity syndrome which begins acutely in the(More)
BACKGROUND Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a very rare but extremely severe drug reaction characterized by widespread apoptosis of epidermis with extensive blisters. We previously found drug-specific cytotoxic CD8 T lymphocytes in the blisters of a single patient. OBJECTIVE To confirm the role of drug specific cytotoxic lymphocytes in a larger series,(More)
Sézary syndrome is a cutaneous T cell lymphoma characterized by infiltration of the skin by CD4+ cells. These cells generally respond poorly to mitogens and T cell activators. We have studied the action of IL1 to IL4, IL6, and IL7 on the proliferation of Sézary cells from 12 patients. With the exception of IL2 and IL7, the cytokines studied had no(More)
IL-10-producing regulatory B cells have been identified in mice and shown to downregulate inflammation, making them potentially important for maintenance of tolerance. In this study, we isolated B cells from human blood and spleen, and showed that after a short period of ex vivo stimulation a number of these cells produced IL-10. The IL-10-producing B cells(More)
INTRODUCTION Many epidemiological studies have associated psoriasis with an increased risk of coronary artery disease, resulting from a higher prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in psoriasis patients compared with unmatched controls. However, the results of epidemiological studies vary depending upon the populations studied. The aim of this systemic(More)
PURPOSE Advanced-stage mycosis fungoides (MF; stage IIB to IV) and Sézary syndrome (SS) are aggressive lymphomas with a median survival of 1 to 5 years. Clinical management is stage based; however, there is wide range of outcome within stages. Published prognostic studies in MF/SS have been single-center trials. Because of the rarity of MF/SS, only a large(More)
PURPOSE Mycosis fungoides (MF) is the most common primary cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. There is a need for multicenter trials involving defined patient populations using rigorous assessment criteria. We have investigated pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) in a clearly defined patient population with advanced MF. PATIENTS AND METHODS Eligible patients had(More)
OBJECTIVE Hypocomplementemic urticarial vasculitis (HUV) is an uncommon vasculitis of unknown etiology that is rarely described in the literature. We undertook this study to analyze the clinical spectrum and the therapeutic management of patients with HUV. METHODS We conducted a French nationwide retrospective study that included 57 patients with chronic(More)