Martine Appel

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Amphiphilic and fluorescent covalently labelled core-shell nanoparticles based on poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), were prepared by random copolymerisation of N-Vinyl carbazole (NVC) with MMA, initiated on polysaccharidic radicals, yielding diblock copolymers of either dextran-P(MMA-NVC) (Nanodex* particles), or heparin-P(MMA-NVC) (Nanohep* particles).(More)
Polyalkylcyanoacrylate (PACA) nanoparticles loaded with doxorubicin allowed multidrug resistance to be overcome in vitro. However, increased cytotoxicity is not always correlated with an increased level of intracellular drug. Although we have previously shown that PACA nanoparticles are not endocytosed by tumour cells, we report here that a direct(More)
Poly(beta-malic acid) hydrophobic derivatives are promising polymers for biomedical and pharmaceutical applications. The objectives of the present work were to study the in vitro degradation profile of three PMLA hydrophobic derivatives and to evaluate their cytotoxicity before and after degradation. For this purpose, nanoparticles from poly(benzyl-malate)(More)
The aim of the present work was to investigate the biodistribution characteristics of PEG-coated polycyanoacrylate nanoparticles prepared by the nanoprecipitation/solvent diffusion method using the previously synthesized poly(MePEGcyanoacrylate-hexadecylcyanoacrylate) copolymer. It was observed that [14C]-radiolabeled PEGylated nanoparticles remained for a(More)
The direct, modified direct and indirect complement-fixation tests and the fluorescence-inhibition test were investigated using sera from pigeons, chickens and turkeys which had been exposed to Toxoplasma gondii. The direct CF test was suitable for use with pigeon sera. The indirect CF method effectively demonstrated antibodies in chicken and turkey sera.(More)
Presumptive evidence of toxoplasmosis was obtained following histological and serological studies of tissues from chickens and cats kept on a family farm. This was confirmed by transmission of the infection to experimental laboratory animals and back to chickens. The significance of the low grade serological reaction in one of the persons living on the farm(More)
In this article, microspheres able to induce the controlled release of oligonucleotide/polyethylenimine complexes are proposed. A model oligonucleotide (the oligothymidilate pdT16) was encapsulated within poly(lactide-co-glycolide) microspheres alone or associated with polyethylenimine (PEI) at different nitrogen/phospate (N/P) ratios. Microspheres were(More)
The biodistribution of colloidal carriers after their administration in vivo depends on the adsorption of some plasma proteins and apolipoproteins on their surface. Poly(methoxypolyethyleneglycol cyanoacrylate-co-hexadecylcyanoacrylate) (PEG-PHDCA) nanoparticles have demonstrated their capacity to cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB) by a mechanism of(More)
Glutathione conjugation and subsequent formation of cysteine conjugates are key steps in the nephrotoxicity of halogenated alkenes. In this metabolic activation several organs are involved. However little is known about the transporters responsible for the uptake of cysteine conjugates. Recent evidence suggest that amino acid transporters play a role in(More)