Martine Ammassari-Teule

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Fragile X syndrome, the most frequent form of hereditary mental retardation, is due to a mutation of the fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) gene on the X chromosome. Like fragile X patients, FMR1-knockout (FMR1-KO) mice lack the normal fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP) and show both cognitive alterations and an immature neuronal morphology. We(More)
Synaptic loss is the best pathological correlate of the cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease; however, the molecular mechanisms underlying synaptic failure are unknown. We found a non-apoptotic baseline caspase-3 activity in hippocampal dendritic spines and an enhancement of this activity at the onset of memory decline in the Tg2576-APPswe mouse model(More)
Many neuronal disorders such as lissencephaly, epilepsy, and schizophrenia are caused by the abnormal migration of neurons in the developing brain. The role of the actin cytoskeleton in neuronal migration disorders has in large part remained elusive. Here we show that the F-actin depolymerizing factor n-cofilin controls cell migration and cell cycle(More)
Although hippocampal-cortical interactions are crucial for the formation of enduring declarative memories, synaptic events that govern long-term memory storage remain mostly unclear. We present evidence that neuronal structural changes, i.e., dendritic spine growth, develop sequentially in the hippocampus and anterior cingulate cortex (aCC) during the(More)
In the present study we have characterized a rat model of manganese (Mn) intoxication leading to behavioral disinhibition in the absence of major motor alterations. These behavioral changes were associated with significantly increased brain Mn levels but were uncoupled to anatomical lesions of the striatum or to morphological and cytochemical changes of the(More)
Remodeling of cortical connectivity is thought to allow initially hippocampus-dependent memories to be expressed independently of the hippocampus at remote time points. Consistent with this, consolidation of a contextual fear memory is associated with dendritic spine growth in neurons of the anterior cingulate cortex (aCC). To directly test whether such(More)
This study examines the extent to which simultaneous olfactory discrimination learning increases spine density on hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons in C57BL/6J (C57) and DBA/2J (DBA) inbred mice, characterized by spontaneous differences in hippocampal plasticity and hippocampus-related learning. The behavioral data first showed a clear-cut difference in(More)
Injections of glutamatergic NMDA as well as dopaminergic antagonists produce selective place- but not cue-learning deficits in associative spatial tasks. The present work was aimed at examining if the blockade of NMDA and dopaminergic receptors interferes with the encoding of spatial information in a non-associative task specifically designed for rodents.(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the role played by intra-accumbens N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in spatial information encoding. For this purpose, the effect of local administration of both competitive (AP-5) and non-competitive (MK-801) NMDA antagonists was assessed in a task designed to estimate the ability of rodents to encode spatial(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal progressive neuropathy associated with the degeneration of spinal and brainstem motor neurons. Although ALS is essentially considered as a lower motor neuron disease, prefrontal cortex atrophy underlying executive function deficits have been extensively reported in ALS patients. Here, we examine whether(More)