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Monoclonal antibodies in the Hermes family recognize a lymphocyte structure that participates in lymphocyte adhesion to endothelium and has been suggested to be the human homolog of the murine Mel-14 lymph node homing receptor. Recently, antibodies against the Hermes antigen, the polymorphic glycoprotein Pgp-1 antigen, and the broadly expressed CDw44(More)
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a plasma cell malignancy that occurs mainly in bone marrow. As MM cells proliferate slowly, it would seem essential to find means of preventing their growth and accumulation inside bone marrow. The present study used an antisense strategy to elucidate the respective roles of Bcl-2, Bcl-x(L), and Mcl-1 proteins in myeloma cell(More)
The zeta chain of the T cell antigen receptor is a dimeric transmembrane protein with a very short extracellular domain and an extended cytoplasmic tail that triggers T cell effector function when aggregated by extracellular stimuli. We have reduced the active site of zeta to an 18 residue motif that can be appended to the intracellular domain of other(More)
a dual Src/Abl kinase inhibitor with potent antitumor activity in preclinical assays. Fernbach NV et al. Chemical proteomic profiles of the BCR-ABL inhibitors imatinib, nilotinib, and dasatinib reveal novel kinase and nonkinase targets. Clonal expansion of T/NK-cells during tyrosine kinase inhibitor dasatinib therapy. of highly differentiated CD8 þ T-cells(More)
Multiple myeloma is a very devastating cancer with a high capacity to destroy bone matrix. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a critical role in bone remodeling and tumor invasion. In this study, we have investigated the involvement of interstitial collagenase (MMP-1) and gelatinases (MMP-2 and MMP-9) in the biology of multiple myeloma. We show (1) that(More)
Due to its cytotoxic effect in lymphoid cells, dexamethasone is widely used in the treatment of multiple myeloma (MM). However, only a subset of myeloma patients responds to high-dose dexamethasone. Despite the undeniable anti-myeloma benefits of dexamethasone, significant adverse effects have been reported. We re-evaluate the anti-tumor effect of(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) triggers multiple myeloma (MM) cell proliferation and protects against apoptosis by up-regulating myeloid cell leukemia 1 (Mcl-1). Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) induces modest proliferation of MM cells and induces IL-6 secretion in a paracrine loop involving MM cells and bone marrow stromal cells. Using murine embryonic(More)
Plasma cells (PCs) have a heterogeneous phenotype in humans. While bone marrow PCs are CD20-CD138+, tonsil PCs are CD20+CD138+/- and peripheral plasmablasts (PBs) are CD20-CD138-. In vitro, PCs are mainly generated by the activation of CD27+ memory B-cells through transient stimulation of CD40, and their phenotype appears similar to that of bone marrow PCs.(More)
Despite a significant improvement in the survival of patients with multiple myeloma (MM), the disease remains incurable and innovative strategies are needed. Interactions among BCL-2 family proteins mainly determines cellular fate decision in response to drug therapy. Thus, anti-apoptotic members such as BCL-2, BCL-X L or MCL-1, represent an attractive(More)
BACKGROUND Lenalidomide is an active immunomodulatory and antiproliferative agent in multiple myeloma. However, the molecular mechanisms driving these activities are not yet fully elucidated. Therefore, we investigated the modulation of the cytokine/growth factor patterns of myeloma cells under LEN treatment. METHODS Lenalidomide effect on myeloma cell(More)