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Monoclonal antibodies in the Hermes family recognize a lymphocyte structure that participates in lymphocyte adhesion to endothelium and has been suggested to be the human homolog of the murine Mel-14 lymph node homing receptor. Recently, antibodies against the Hermes antigen, the polymorphic glycoprotein Pgp-1 antigen, and the broadly expressed CDw44(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple myeloma is a plasma-cell tumor with heterogeneity in molecular abnormalities and treatment response. DESIGN AND METHODS We have assessed whether human myeloma cell lines have kept patients' heterogeneity using Affymetrix gene expression profiling of 40 human myeloma cell lines obtained with or without IL6 addition and could provide a(More)
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a plasma cell malignancy that occurs mainly in bone marrow. As MM cells proliferate slowly, it would seem essential to find means of preventing their growth and accumulation inside bone marrow. The present study used an antisense strategy to elucidate the respective roles of Bcl-2, Bcl-x(L), and Mcl-1 proteins in myeloma cell(More)
Targeting the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway has emerged as a potent anticancer strategy. Bortezomib, a specific proteasome inhibitor, has been approved for the treatment of relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma. Multiple myeloma cell survival is highly dependent on Mcl-1 antiapoptotic molecules. In a recent study, proteasome inhibitors induced Mcl-1(More)
The zeta chain of the T cell antigen receptor is a dimeric transmembrane protein with a very short extracellular domain and an extended cytoplasmic tail that triggers T cell effector function when aggregated by extracellular stimuli. We have reduced the active site of zeta to an 18 residue motif that can be appended to the intracellular domain of other(More)
Myeloma cells are sensitive to TRAIL through the two death receptors DR4 and DR5. Because p53 directly modulates expression of death receptors, we investigated here whether p53 can modulate myeloma sensitivity to TRAIL. We found that p53 affects the sensitivity of myeloma cells to the DR5 agonistic human antibody lexatumumab but not the DR4 antibody(More)
a dual Src/Abl kinase inhibitor with potent antitumor activity in preclinical assays. Fernbach NV et al. Chemical proteomic profiles of the BCR-ABL inhibitors imatinib, nilotinib, and dasatinib reveal novel kinase and nonkinase targets. Clonal expansion of T/NK-cells during tyrosine kinase inhibitor dasatinib therapy. of highly differentiated CD8 þ T-cells(More)
Multiple myeloma is a very devastating cancer with a high capacity to destroy bone matrix. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a critical role in bone remodeling and tumor invasion. In this study, we have investigated the involvement of interstitial collagenase (MMP-1) and gelatinases (MMP-2 and MMP-9) in the biology of multiple myeloma. We show (1) that(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) triggers multiple myeloma (MM) cell proliferation and protects against apoptosis by up-regulating myeloid cell leukemia 1 (Mcl-1). Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) induces modest proliferation of MM cells and induces IL-6 secretion in a paracrine loop involving MM cells and bone marrow stromal cells. Using murine embryonic(More)
Due to its cytotoxic effect in lymphoid cells, dexamethasone is widely used in the treatment of multiple myeloma (MM). However, only a subset of myeloma patients responds to high-dose dexamethasone. Despite the undeniable anti-myeloma benefits of dexamethasone, significant adverse effects have been reported. We re-evaluate the anti-tumor effect of(More)