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Bortezomib is a proteasome inhibitor for the treatment of relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (MM). Mechanisms of resistance to Bortezomib are undefined. Myeloid cell leukemia-1 (Mcl-1) is an antiapoptotic protein, which protects tumor cells against spontaneous and chemotherapy-induced apoptosis. In MM, specific downregulation of Mcl-1 induces apoptosis.(More)
Targeting the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway has emerged as a potent anticancer strategy. Bortezomib, a specific proteasome inhibitor, has been approved for the treatment of relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma. Multiple myeloma cell survival is highly dependent on Mcl-1 antiapoptotic molecules. In a recent study, proteasome inhibitors induced Mcl-1(More)
Circulating plasma cells in 10 cases of reactive plasmacytosis had a shared phenotype with early plasma cell (CD19(+) CD38(+) CD138(+) CD40(+) CD45(+) CD11a+ CD49e- CD56(-)). In most cases, a minor subpopulation of CD28(+) plasma cells was also detected. Reactive plasma cells were highly proliferative, suggesting the presence of circulating progenitors(More)
Mcl-1 is an anti-apoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family which is tightly regulated during myeloid and B cell differentiation. We have recently reported that Mcl-1 is expressed in human myeloma cells and that Mcl-1 and Bcl-x(L) expression are correlated. In the current study, we demonstrate that IL-6, a survival factor for the human myeloma cell line MDN,(More)
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a slowly proliferative malignancy in which malignant plasma cells accumulate within the bone marrow. The expression of several anti-apoptotic proteins was evaluated by immunoblotting in human myeloma cell lines and in highly purified native myeloma cells. Expression of Bcl-xL, Mcl-1 and Bcl-2 was found in most of the samples;(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple myeloma is a plasma-cell tumor with heterogeneity in molecular abnormalities and treatment response. DESIGN AND METHODS We have assessed whether human myeloma cell lines have kept patients' heterogeneity using Affymetrix gene expression profiling of 40 human myeloma cell lines obtained with or without IL6 addition and could provide a(More)
In this study, we show that malignant plasma cells from patients with either primary (n=12) or secondary (n=15) plasma cell leukemia (PCL) do not express CD56 at all, neither in the bone marrow nor the peripheral blood in 81% of cases. On the other hand, multiple myeloma (MM) at diagnosis overexpress it in 63 of 94 (67%) cases (P=0.0001). In three secondary(More)
In order to evaluate putative changes of major adhesion molecule expression on plasma cells (PCs) associated with malignant transformation, tumor spreading, and immortalization, we have quantified and compared the expression of CD56, CD44, CD11a, CD49e, and CD45 RO/RA on normal PCs, malignant PCs from multiple myeloma patients in chronic phase, in(More)
Bisphosphonates have recently been introduced in the therapeutic armamentarium for the long-term treatment of patients with multiple myeloma (MM). These pyrophosphate analogs not only reduce the occurrence of skeletal-related events but also provide patients with a clinical benefit and improve the survival of some of them. We investigated the effects of two(More)
The humanised form of an antagonistic anti-IGF-1R mAb (AVE1642) selectively inhibits the growth of CD45(neg) myeloma cells. AVE1642 strongly increased bortezomib-induced apoptosis, correlated with an increase of Noxa expression. These results support the therapeutic use of anti-IGF-1R/bortezomib in CD45(neg) Myeloma patients, particularly those with the(More)