Martina Schnolzer

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The HIV transcriptional activator Tat enhances the processivity of RNA polymerase II by recruiting the CyclinT1/CDK9 complex to the TAR RNA element. In addition, Tat synergizes with the histone acetyltransferase p300 and is acetylated by p300 at a single lysine residue (K50) in the TAR RNA binding domain. We have recently reported that this(More)
Symptoms of T cell hyperactivation shape the course and outcome of HIV-1 infection, but the mechanism(s) underlying this chronic immune activation are not well understood. We find that the viral transactivator Tat promotes hyperactivation of T cells by blocking the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+))-dependent deacetylase SIRT1. Tat directly(More)
The Tat protein of HIV-1 plays an essential role in HIV gene expression by promoting efficient elongation of viral transcripts. Posttranslational modifications of Tat fine-tune interactions of Tat with cellular cofactors and TAR RNA, a stem-loop structure at the 5' ends of viral transcripts. Here, we identify the lysine methyltransferase Set7/9 (KMT7) as a(More)
The expression of the 330 kDa AN2 glycoprotein was studied in the rodent peripheral nervous system. AN2 is expressed by immature Schwann cells in vitro and in vivo and downregulated as the cells upregulate myelin genes. A subpopulation of nonmyelinating Schwann cells in the adult sciatic nerve retains expression of AN2. In rat sciatic nerve crushes, where(More)
Meiotic lamin C2 is the only A-type lamin expressed during mammalian spermatogenesis. Typical for this short lamin is the unique hexapeptide GNAEGR, which substitutes the nonhelical amino terminus and part of the alpha-helical rod domain present in somatic lamins. Meiotic lamin C2 also lacks a carboxyl-terminal CaaX box, which is modified by isoprenylation(More)
Pancreatic cancer ranks among the tumors most resistant to chemotherapy. Such chemoresistance of tumors can be mediated by various cellular mechanisms including dysregulated apoptosis or ineffective drug concentration at the intracellular target sites. In this review, we highlight recent advances in experimental chemotherapy underlining the role of cellular(More)
D i f f e r e n t oligomeric forms of PSTV are detected in nucle i i so la ted from PSTV-infected potato cells by means of molecu la r hybr id i za t ion , using as probes s y n t h e t i c o l i godeoxyr ibonuc l eo t ide s with sequence specificity for (+)PSTV and for (-)PSTV. In addition to several species of longer-than-unit-length (-)PSTV molecu les ,(More)
Cyclooxygenases (COX) 1 and 2 are the key enzymes of prostaglandin biosynthesis. Like in many tissues, in adult skin COX-1 is a constitutive 'housekeeping' enzyme, while COX-2 is induced transiently in stress situations such as tissue damage and regeneration. In human skin carcinomas and corresponding early-stage cancer lesions, permanent COX-2 expression(More)
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