Martina Sauter

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Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) has been shown to participate in the pathophysiology of diabetic complications. As shown most recently, TGF-beta stimulates the expression of a distinct serine/threonine kinase (hSGK) which had previously been cloned as an early gene transcriptionally regulated by cell volume alterations. The present study was(More)
Inflammation is a major factor in heart disease. IκB kinase (IKK) and its downstream target NF-κB are regulators of inflammation and are activated in cardiac disorders, but their precise contributions and targets are unclear. We analyzed IKK/NF-κB function in the heart by a gain-of-function approach, generating an inducible transgenic mouse model with(More)
In order to identify organ and cellular targets of persistent enterovirus infection in vivo, immunocompetent mice (SWR/J, H-2q) were inoculated intraperitoneally with coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3). By use of in situ hybridization for the detection of enteroviral RNA, we show that CVB3 is capable of inducing a multiorgan disease. During acute infection, viral RNA(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Recently, the immediate early gene h-sgk was cloned as a hypertonicity-induced gene from human hepatoma cells. The aim of this study was to localize h-sgk messenger RNA (mRNA) expression in normal and inflamed intestinal mucosa and to identify potential transcriptional regulators. METHODS h-sgk mRNA in small intestinal mucosa from(More)
Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) as a consequence of viral myocarditis is a worldwide cause of morbidity and death. The deposition of matrix proteins, such as collagen, in the course of ongoing viral myocarditis results in cardiac remodeling and finally in cardiac fibrosis, the hallmark of DCM. To identify mediators of virus-induced cardiac fibrosis, microarray(More)
The genomes of vertebrates contain sequences that are similar to present-day exogenous retroviruses. Such sequences, called endogenous retroviruses (ERVs), have resulted from ancestral germ line infections by exogenous retroviruses which have thereafter been transmitted in a Mendelian fashion. By analogy to exogenous tumorigenic retroviruses, ERVs have been(More)
Proteasomes recognize and degrade poly-ubiquitinylated proteins. In infectious disease, cells activated by interferons (IFNs) express three unique catalytic subunits β1i/LMP2, β2i/MECL-1 and β5i/LMP7 forming an alternative proteasome isoform, the immunoproteasome (IP). The in vivo function of IPs in pathogen-induced inflammation is still a matter of(More)
A growing body of evidence indicates that viral infections of the heart contribute to ongoing myocarditis and dilated cardiomyopathy. Murine models of coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3)-induced myocarditis mimic the human disease and allow identification of susceptibility factors that modulate the course of viral myocarditis. Susceptible mouse strains develop chronic(More)
In humans and experimental murine models enteroviruses, and in particular coxsackieviruses of group B (CVB), may induce chronic myocarditis associated with a persistent type of heart muscle infection. Persistent myocardial infection has been characterized by restricted viral replication and gene expression, which is capable of sustaining chronic(More)
Endogenous circulation of bone marrow-derived cells (BMCs) was observed in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) who showed cardiac upregulation of Vascular Cell Adhesion Protein-1 (VCAM-1). However, the underlying pathophysiology is currently unknown. Thus, we aimed to analyze circulation, migration and G-CSF-based mobilization of BMCs in a murine(More)