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The previous article reported on the biochemical characterization of a nitrilase purified from Aspergillus niger K10. The amino acid sequence of this enzyme was recently analyzed by mass spectroscopy which revealed that the N-terminal sequence reported in Fig. 3A (by KB) in the previous article was incorrect. This N-terminal sequence (XAPVLKKYKAAXVNXE),(More)
Bacteria were identified associated with biodegradation of aromatic pollutants biphenyl, benzoate, and naphthalene in a long-term polychlorinated biphenyl- and polyaromatic hydrocarbon-contaminated soil. In order to avoid biases of culture-based approaches, stable isotope probing was applied in combination with sequence analysis of 16 S rRNA gene pyrotags(More)
DNA-based molecular techniques permit the comprehensive determination of microbial diversity but generally do not reveal the relationship between the identity and the function of microorganisms. The first direct molecular technique to enable the linkage of phylogeny with function is DNA-based stable isotope probing (DNA-SIP). Applying this method first(More)
Heterozygous tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum var. xanthi) plants were cultivated in soil from a dump site highly polluted with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) at Lhenice in South Bohemia, Czech Republic. The total amount of PCBs in the polluted soil, measured by gas chromatography varied from 165 to 265mgkg(-1) of soil. In tobacco plants cultivated for 8 weeks(More)
Rhizoremediation of organic chemicals requires high-level expression of biodegradation genes in bacterial strains that are excellent rhizosphere colonizers. Pseudomonas fluorescens F113 is a biocontrol strain that was shown to be an excellent colonizer of numerous plant rhizospheres, including alfalfa. Although a derivative of F113 expressing(More)
The aim of the study was to investigate how selected natural compounds (naringin, caffeic acid, and limonene) induce shifts in both bacterial community structure and degradative activity in long-term polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB)-contaminated soil and how these changes correlate with changes in chlorobiphenyl degradation capacity. In order to address this(More)
Microbial biodegradation and biotransformation reactions are essential to most bioremediation processes, yet the specific organisms, genes, and mechanisms involved are often not well understood. Stable isotope probing (SIP) enables researchers to directly link microbial metabolic capability to phylogenetic and metagenomic information within a community(More)
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are used as additive flame retardants. PBDEs are persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic compounds. They are often detected in sewage sludge which is applied on agricultural soils as fertilizer. The objective of this study was to find out whether plants are able to accumulate and translocate PBDEs. Tobacco (Nicotiana(More)
As part of the EU project MULTIBARRIERS, six new endogenous aerobic bacterial isolates able to grow in the presence of BTmX (benzene, toluene, m-xylene) were characterized with respect to their growth specificities. Preliminary analysis included restriction fragment length polymorphism profiles and 16S rDNA sequencing. The diversity of these strains was(More)
A 168-day microcosms experiment was used to assess the possible functional and structural shifts occurring in the bacterial community of a site with a historical record of polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) contamination, after the introduction of plants whose roots have been inoculated with genetically modified (GM) microorganisms, designed for(More)