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Aspergillus niger K10 cultivated on 2-cyanopyridine produced high levels of an intracellular nitrilase, which was partially purified (18.6-fold) with a 24% yield. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of the enzyme was highly homologous with that of a putative nitrilase from Aspergillus fumigatus Af293. The enzyme was copurified with two proteins, the(More)
This review concentrates on the description of various phytoremediation technologies, paying special attention to removal of organics and the application of in vitro systems for basic research in the role of plants for the remediation of contaminated sites or flows, and in the improvement of their effectiveness. Various aspects of xenobiotic metabolism in(More)
The abundance, identities, and degradation abilities of indigenous polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB)-degrading bacteria associated with five species of mature trees growing naturally in a contaminated site were investigated to identify plants that enhance the microbial PCB degradation potential in soil. Culturable PCB degraders were associated with every plant(More)
Bacteria were identified associated with biodegradation of aromatic pollutants biphenyl, benzoate, and naphthalene in a long-term polychlorinated biphenyl- and polyaromatic hydrocarbon-contaminated soil. In order to avoid biases of culture-based approaches, stable isotope probing was applied in combination with sequence analysis of 16 S rRNA gene pyrotags(More)
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) present in the commercial mixture Delor 103 were transformed by hairy root culture of Solanum nigrum. Plant growth regulators kinetin, 2,4-dichlorophenoxy-acetic acid, benzylaminopurin and/or naph-thaleneacetic acid, influenced the cells' growth and transformation of PCBs in a different manner. The cells were able to(More)
DNA-based molecular techniques permit the comprehensive determination of microbial diversity but generally do not reveal the relationship between the identity and the function of microorganisms. The first direct molecular technique to enable the linkage of phylogeny with function is DNA-based stable isotope probing (DNA-SIP). Applying this method first(More)
The present study is intended to determine metabolites of 12 dichlorinated, seven trichlorinated, five tetrachlorinated and one pentachlorinated PCB congener transformed by black nightshade (Solanum nigrum) hairy root culture SNC-9O. Free hydroxylated PCB metabolites were identified based on the mass spectra characteristics after gas chromatography(More)
The aim of this work is to increase the efficiency of the biodegradation of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) by the introduction of bacterial genes into the plant genome. For this purpose, we selected the bphC gene encoding 2,3-dihydroxybiphenyl-1,2-dioxygenase from Pseudomonas testosteroni B-356 to be cloned into tobacco plants. The(More)
Bacteria that are able to utilize biphenyl as a sole source of carbon were extracted and isolated from polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB)-contaminated soil vegetated by horseradish. Isolates were identified using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). The usage of MALDI Biotyper for the classification of(More)
Composition of native vegetation on a polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB)-contaminated soil dumpsite at Lhenice, South Bohemia (Czech Republic), was determined and species variability in the accumulation of PCBs in plant biomass was investigated. Soil stripping contaminated by PCBs originated at a factory producing electrical transformers that mostly used the(More)