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Information, in addition to that provided by signal sequences, for translocation across the plasma membrane is thought to be present in exported proteins of Escherichia coli. Such information must also exist for the localization of such proteins. To determine the nature of this information, overlapping inframe deletions have been constructed in the ompA(More)
The SecA protein is a major component of the cellular machinery that mediates the translocation of proteins across the Escherichia coli plasma membrane. The secA gene from Bacillus subtilis was cloned and expressed in E. coli under the control of the lac or trc promoter. The temperature-sensitive growth and secretion defects of various E. coli secA mutants(More)
The membrane part (residues 1 to approximately 170) of the 325-residue Escherichia coli outer membrane protein OmpA is thought to exist in the membrane as an 8-stranded beta-barrel, subdividing this part into four segments. The influence of proline residues on membrane assembly of the protein has been studied. These were introduced, using site-directed(More)
SecA is the precursor protein binding subunit of the bacterial precursor protein translocase, which consists of the SecY/E protein as integral membrane domain. SecA is an ATPase, and couples the hydrolysis of ATP to the release of bound precursor proteins to allow their proton-motive-force-driven translocation across the cytoplasmic membrane. A putative(More)
The outer membrane protein OmpA of Escherichia coli K-12 serves as a receptor for a number of T-even-like phages. We have isolated a series of ompA mutants which are resistant to such phages but which still produce the OmpA protein. None of the mutants was able to either irreversibly or reversibly bind the phage with which they had been selected. Also, the(More)
A series of overlapping deletions has been constructed in the ompA gene which encodes the 325-residue Escherichia coli outer membrane protein OmpA. Immunoelectron microscopy showed that the OmpA fragments were either located in the periplasmic space or were associated with the outer membrane. Apparently an area between residues 154 and 180 is required for(More)
A mutation has been isolated in the Bacillus subtilis secA gene (secA10) which allows cell growth and residual protein translocation in the presence of 1.5 mM sodium azide. Besides conferring resistance to sodium azide, the corresponding SecA10 mutant protein, in which glutamic acid at position 338 has been changed to glycine, seems to possess a secretion(More)
The translocation of secretory proteins derived from a Gram-positive (Staphylococcus hyicus prolipase) or a Gram-negative (Escherichia coli pre-OmpA protein) bacterium across the cytoplasmic membrane was studied in E. coli and Bacillus subtilis. In both microorganisms, the prolipase was found to be secreted across the plasma membrane when either the(More)
The homodimeric SecA protein is the peripheral subunit of the translocase, and couples the hydrolysis of ATP to the translocation of precursor proteins across the bacterial cytoplasmic membrane. The high affinity ATP binding activity of SecA resides in the amino-terminal domain of SecA. This domain contains a tandem repeat of the "so-called" Walker B-motif,(More)
A DNA fragment containing the genes secE, nusG and rplK of Staphylococcus carnsosus was cloned using the Escherichia coli rplK gene as a probe. The S. carnosus secE homologue encodes a protein of 65 amino acid residues which is homologous to the carboxyl-terminal region of the E. coli SecE protein. The S. carnosus SecE polypeptide which, in contrast to the(More)