Martina Klose

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The SecA protein is a major component of the cellular machinery that mediates the translocation of proteins across the Escherichia coli plasma membrane. The secA gene from Bacillus subtilis was cloned and expressed in E. coli under the control of the lac or trc promoter. The temperature-sensitive growth and secretion defects of various E. coli secA mutants(More)
The outer membrane protein OmpA of Escherichia coli K-12 serves as a receptor for a number of T-even-like phages. We have isolated a series of ompA mutants which are resistant to such phages but which still produce the OmpA protein. None of the mutants was able to either irreversibly or reversibly bind the phage with which they had been selected. Also, the(More)
Information, in addition to that provided by signal sequences, for translocation across the plasma membrane is thought to be present in exported proteins of Escherichia coli. Such information must also exist for the localization of such proteins. To determine the nature of this information, overlapping inframe deletions have been constructed in the ompA(More)
The membrane part (residues 1 to approximately 170) of the 325-residue Escherichia coli outer membrane protein OmpA is thought to exist in the membrane as an 8-stranded beta-barrel, subdividing this part into four segments. The influence of proline residues on membrane assembly of the protein has been studied. These were introduced, using site-directed(More)
A mutation has been isolated in the Bacillus subtilis secA gene (secA10) which allows cell growth and residual protein translocation in the presence of 1.5 mM sodium azide. Besides conferring resistance to sodium azide, the corresponding SecA10 mutant protein, in which glutamic acid at position 338 has been changed to glycine, seems to possess a secretion(More)
A series of overlapping deletions has been constructed in the ompA gene which encodes the 325-residue Escherichia coli outer membrane protein OmpA. Immunoelectron microscopy showed that the OmpA fragments were either located in the periplasmic space or were associated with the outer membrane. Apparently an area between residues 154 and 180 is required for(More)
The translocation of secretory proteins derived from a Gram-positive (Staphylococcus hyicus prolipase) or a Gram-negative (Escherichia coli pre-OmpA protein) bacterium across the cytoplasmic membrane was studied in E. coli and Bacillus subtilis. In both microorganisms, the prolipase was found to be secreted across the plasma membrane when either the(More)
Results of studies, mostly using the outer membrane, 325 residue protein OmpA, are reviewed which concern its translocation across the plasma membrane and incorporation into the outer membrane of Escherichia coli. For translocation, neither a unique export signal, acting in a positive fashion within the mature part of the precursor, nor a unique(More)
A DNA fragment containing the genes secE, nusG and rplK of Staphylococcus carnsosus was cloned using the Escherichia coli rplK gene as a probe. The S. carnosus secE homologue encodes a protein of 65 amino acid residues which is homologous to the carboxyl-terminal region of the E. coli SecE protein. The S. carnosus SecE polypeptide which, in contrast to the(More)
The mechanism of sorting, to the outer membrane, of the 325-residue Escherichia coli protein OmpA has been investigated. It is thought to traverse the membrane eight times in antiparallel beta-strands, forming an amphiphilic beta-barrel which encompasses residues 1 to about 170; the COOH-terminal moiety is periplasmic. A mutant, carrying the substitutions(More)