Cold atmospheric-pressure plasmas are currently in use in medicine as surgical tools and are being evaluated for new applications, including wound treatment and cosmetic care. The disinfecting properties of plasmas are of particular interest, given the threat of antibiotic resistance to modern medicine. Plasma effluents comprise (V)UV photons and various… (More)
The dynamics of water surrounding a solute is of fundamental importance in chemistry and biology. The properties of water molecules near the surface of a bio-molecule have been the subject of numerous, sometimes controversial experimental and theoretical studies, with some suggesting the existence of rather rigid water structures around carbohydrates and… (More)
Phase sensitive measurement techniques, such as THz time-domain spectroscopy or dispersive Fourier transform spectroscopy, are very useful tools to obtain a complete set of optical material parameters. When recording the electric field as a function of time delay between THz and optical pulse, the absorption coefficient and the index of refraction can be… (More)
We have investigated the hydration dynamics of solvated iron(ii) and iron(iii) chloride. For this, THz/FIR absorption spectra of acidified aqueous FeCl2 and FeCl3 solutions have been measured in a frequency range of 30-350 cm(-1) (≈1-10 THz). We observe a nonlinear concentration dependence of the absorption, which is attributed to the progressive formation… (More)
This study explores the interactions underlying the IR spectra of the ionic liquid [NC4111][NTf2] and its deuterated isotopomer [d9-NC4111][NTf2] by first isolating the spectra of charged ionic building blocks using mass-selective CIVP spectroscopy and then following the evolution of these bands upon sequential assembly of the ionic constituents. The… (More)
Acid dissociation and the subsequent solvation of the charged fragments at ultracold temperatures in nanoenvironments, as distinct from ambient bulk water, are relevant to atmospheric and interstellar chemistry but remain poorly understood. Here we report the experimental observation of a nanoscopic aqueous droplet of acid formed within a superfluid helium… (More)
We have set up a near-infrared microscope using a tuneable diode laser in the range from 1530 to 1570 nm. This spectral range is close to the peak of the water overtone absorption. We used this new microscope to study liver cells, hepatocytes, showing that quantitative information of the intracellular water concentration in living cells can be extracted.