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Antifreeze proteins (AFPs) and antifreeze glycoproteins (AFGPs) enable the survival of organisms living in subfreezing habitats and serve as preservatives. Although their function is known, the underlying molecular mechanism was not understood. Mutagenesis experiments questioned the previous assumption of hydrogen bonding as the dominant mechanism. We use(More)
Cold atmospheric-pressure plasmas are currently in use in medicine as surgical tools and are being evaluated for new applications, including wound treatment and cosmetic care. The disinfecting properties of plasmas are of particular interest, given the threat of antibiotic resistance to modern medicine. Plasma effluents comprise (V)UV photons and various(More)
The focus in protein folding has been very much on the protein backbone and sidechains. However, hydration waters make comparable contributions to the structure and energy of proteins. The coupling between fast hydration dynamics and protein dynamics is considered to play an important role in protein folding. Fundamental questions of protein hydration(More)
Solvent dynamics can play a major role in enzyme activity, but obtaining an accurate, quantitative picture of solvent activity during catalysis is quite challenging. Here, we combine terahertz spectroscopy and X-ray absorption analyses to measure changes in the coupled water-protein motions during peptide hydrolysis by a zinc-dependent human(More)
The dynamics of water surrounding a solute is of fundamental importance in chemistry and biology. The properties of water molecules near the surface of a bio-molecule have been the subject of numerous, sometimes controversial experimental and theoretical studies, with some suggesting the existence of rather rigid water structures around carbohydrates and(More)
Solvation of molecules in water is at the heart of a myriad of molecular phenomena and of crucial importance to understanding such diverse issues as chemical reactivity or biomolecular function. Complementing well-established approaches, it has been shown that laser spectroscopy in the THz frequency domain offers new insights into hydration from small(More)
The interior of the cell is a densely crowded environment in which protein stability is affected differently than in dilute solution. Macromolecular crowding is commonly understood in terms of an entropic volume exclusion effect based on hardcore repulsions among the macromolecules. We studied the thermal unfolding of ubiquitin in the presence of different(More)
THz spectroscopy of aqueous solutions has been established as of recently to be a valuable and complementary experimental tool to provide direct insights into the solute-solvent coupling due to hydrogen-bond dynamics involving interfacial water. Despite much experimental progress, understanding THz spectra in terms of molecular motions, akin to mid-infrared(More)
The role of water in the functioning of proteins has been a hot topic over the years. We use terahertz (THz) spectroscopy as an experimental tool to probe the protein-induced fast solvation dynamics of ubiquitin. In order to investigate the effect of protein flexibility on the changes in the solvation dynamics, we have measured the concentration-dependent(More)
The beta(1-->4) glycosidic linkage found in lactose is a prevalent structural motif in many carbohydrates and glycoconjugates. Using UV and IR ion-dip spectroscopies to probe benzyl lactoside isolated in the gas phase, we find that the disaccharide unit adopts only a single, rigid structure. Its fully resolved infrared ion-dip spectrum is in excellent(More)