Martina Biggioggero

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OBJECTIVE To investigate the genetic contribution of cytokine gene polymorphisms (interleukin 1 (IL1) and tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha)) on disease phenotype and on response to TNF-blocking agents in a population of patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). METHODS A cohort of 107 consecutive patients with JIA who were receiving(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the survival on treatment with second-line biologic therapy in RA patient non-responders to TNF inhibitors (TNFis) by comparing treatments with a second anti-TNF (cycling strategy) or with agents with a different mechanism of action (MoA; swap strategy). METHODS RA patients treated with biologics since 1999(More)
Interferons (IFNs) display a pleiotropic effect on different cell types of both the innate and the adaptive immunities being able to affect the immune responses. The ability of IFNs, and in particular of type I IFN, to activate dendritic cells and to modulate the expression of major histocompatibility classes I and II molecules supports their potential role(More)
Autoantibody measurement is an excellent tool to confirm the diagnosis of rheumatic autoimmune diseases. Hence, reliability and harmonization of autoantibody testing are essential, but these issues are still a matter of debate. Intrinsic variability in analytes and reagents as well as heterogeneity of the techniques are the main reasons for discrepancies in(More)
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is the most frequent cause of venous and arterial thrombotic events in young patients. The brain arterial tree is primarily affected, but coronary ischemic manifestations are also relatively frequent. Coronary involvement was suggested to be closely related to the accelerated atherosclerosis linked to the underlying disease(More)
Many of the immunosuppressive drugs that are used during pregnancy can cross the placental barrier and enter the foetal circulation, with a possible impact on the foetal immune system. We have evaluated the immune function of children born from mothers treated with immunosuppressants for connective tissue diseases. A total of nine babies, whose six mothers(More)
Cutaneous neonatal lupus erythematosus (NLE) is a rare disorder, linked to the presence of transplacentally acquired maternal autoantibodies (anti-ENA). NLE skin lesions frequently appear in the second or third month of life, and ultraviolet exposure is thought to be an initiating factor since it can externalize intranuclear autoantigens at the cell(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the 8-year survival of the first tumor necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi) in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (SpA) or psoriatic arthritis (PsA), identify the predictive factors for withdrawal, and compare the discontinuation rates for infliximab, etanercept, and adalimumab. METHODS We evaluated PsA and axial SpA patients treated(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multi-organ autoimmune disease whose pathogenesis is multifactorial lying on genetic, environmental factors and on abnormalities of both the innate and the adaptive immune system. The induction, maintenance and progression of the disease are a multi-step process that may take long time eventually leading to tissue(More)
Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) can be detected by functional (lupus anticoagulant) and/or by solid phase assays (anti-cardiolipin and anti-beta2 glycoprotein I). Although detectable in 1-5% of asymptomatic apparently healthy subjects, persistent aPL are significantly associated with recurrent arterial/venous thrombosis and with pregnancy morbidity. Such(More)