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Short-term (up to 1 h) systemic responses of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum cv. Samsun) plants to local burning of an upper leaf were studied by measuring the following variables in a distant leaf: extracellular electrical potentials (EEPs); gas exchange parameters; fast chlorophyll fluorescence induction; and endogenous concentrations of three putative(More)
Changes in the chloroplast ultra-structure and photochemical function were studied in detached barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cv. Akcent) leaf segments senescing in darkness or in continuous white light of moderate intensity (90 mumol m-2 s-1) for 5 days. A rate of senescence-induced chlorophyll degradation was similar in the dark- and light-senescing segments.(More)
Leaf chlorophyll content is an important physiological parameter which can serve as an indicator of nutritional status, plant stress or senescence. Signals proportional to the chlorophyll content can be measured non-destructively with instruments detecting leaf transmittance (e.g., SPAD-502) or reflectance (e.g., showing normalized differential vegetation(More)
Tomato powdery mildew (Oidium neolycopersici) is one of the most devastating diseases of cultivated tomatoes worldwide. Although the first epidemics were recorded more than 25 years ago many aspects of this host-pathogen interaction are still not well understood. Detailed morphological and molecular studies of the anamorphs confirmed that O. neolycopersici(More)
Changes in primary metabolism of lettuce, Lactuca sativa L. (cv. Cobham Green), induced by compatible interaction with the biotrophic oomycete pathogen Bremia lactucae Regel (race BL 16), under two intensities of illumination in the presence and absence of exogenous cytokinins were studied by chlorophyll fluorescence imaging. Thirteen days post-inoculation(More)
Changes of photosynthesis under blue light were examined in the ABA-overproducing 7B-1 mutant in tomato. Net photosynthetic rate (P N), stomatal conductance (g s), intrinsic water-use efficiency (WUEi) and chlorophyll (a+b) [Chl (a+b)] content in leaves of different insertion (1st, 4th and 9th ones) were measured in 5-, 7- and 9-week-old plants. P N, g s,(More)
We have investigated photosynthetic changes of fully expanded pea leaves infected systemically by pea enation mosaic virus (PEMV) that often attacks legumes particularly in northern temperate regions. A typical compatible virus-host interaction was monitored during 40 post-inoculation days (dpi). An initial PEMV-induced decrease in photosynthetic CO(2)(More)
Non-destructive assessment of chlorophyll content has recently been widely done by chlorophyll meters based on measurement of leaf transmittance (e.g. the SPAD-502 chlorophyll meter measures the leaf transmittance at 650 and 940 nm). However, the leaf transmittance depends not only on the content of chlorophylls but also on their distribution in leaves. The(More)
Plants protect themselves against excessive light by the induction of Delta pH-dependent nonphotochemical quenching (qE) that is associated with de-epoxidation of violaxanthin (V) to zeaxanthin (Z) in thylakoid membranes. In this work, we report that low light (12 micromol photons m(-2) s(-1)) is sufficient for a marked stimulation of the V to Z conversion(More)
In the context of global climate change, drought is one of the major stress factors with negative effect on photosynthesis and plant productivity. Currently, chlorophyll fluorescence parameters are widely used as indicators of plant stress, mainly owing to the rapid, non-destructive and simple measurements this technique allows. However, these parameters(More)