Learn More
Cortisol production requires the activity of only 17 alpha-hydroxylase, whereas the formation of sex steroids requires both 17 alpha-hydroxylase and 17,20-lyase activities. Studies in reconstituted enzyme systems have suggested that a single steroid hydroxylase, 17 alpha-hydroxylase cytochrome P-450 (P-450(17) alpha), catalyzes both activities. By(More)
We describe a streamlined whole-mount in situ hybridization protocol that utilizes high concentrations of the detergent sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). Our results suggest that SDS is an effective blocking agent in Xenopus laevis embryos which permeabilizes membranes without disrupting morphology. Consequently, riboprobes appeared to disperse uniformly within(More)
Id-like helix-loop-helix (HLH) proteins, which lack a basic DNA binding domain, have been suggested to serve as general inhibitors of differentiation. We present data that Id2 is expressed in specific cell types during neurogenesis and in the adult. At early stages of neurogenesis, Id2 is expressed in the ventricular zone of neuroepithelium. After the first(More)
The neuron-specific protein GAP-43 is associated with the membrane of the nerve growth cone and thus may be important to the activity of this distinctive neuronal structure. Transient transfection of COS and NIH 3T3 cells with appropriate vectors resulted in expression of GAP-43 in these non-neuronal cells; as in neurons, transfected GAP-43 associated with(More)
The neuronal growth cone plays a crucial role in forming the complex brain architecture achieved during development, and similar nerve terminal mechanisms may operate to modify synaptic structure during adulthood. The growth cone leads the elongating axon towards appropriate synaptic targets by altering motility in response to a variety of extracellular(More)
In the steroidogenic pathway of the adrenal cortex, 17 alpha-hydroxylase cytochrome P-450 (P-450(17 alpha)) is a major regulatory enzyme. Previous studies have shown that stimulation of 17 alpha-hydroxylase activity occurs upon treatment of bovine adrenocortical cells in culture with adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), via cAMP, due to an increase in the(More)
Sulfonylurea compounds are hypoglycemic agents which by unknown mechanisms alter the amount of insulin receptor and the rate of glucose utilization in tissues exposed to the drugs. In this study the effects on insulin binding and uptake of 2-deoxyglucose by 3T3-L1 adipocytes were assessed after maintaining cell monolayers for 1-3 days in medium containing(More)
Neurons and other cells, such as those of epithelia, accumulate particular proteins in spatially discrete domains of the plasma membrane. This enrichment is probably important for localization of function, but it is not clear how it is accomplished. One proposal for epithelial cells is that proteins contain targeting signals which guide preferential(More)
We report the isolation of a cDNA encoding the mouse class A bHLH transcription factor ME2 and the analysis of its expression. ME2 is expressed in the cerebral cortex, Purkinje and granule cell layers of the cerebellum, olfactory neuroepithelium, pyramidal cells of hippocampal layers CA1-CA4, and in the granular cells of the dentate gyrus. The specific(More)
Several recombinant cDNA clones specific for the mitochondrial iron-sulfur protein adrenodoxin have been identified in a bovine adrenocortical cDNA library. One clone (pBAdx4) contains a 900-base-pair insert that includes the entire amino acid coding region of the adrenodoxin precursor protein. The amino acid sequence of mature adrenodoxin deduced from the(More)