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Buildings can be effectively cooled by a bioinspired sweating-like action based on thermoresponsive hydrogels (PNIPAM), which press out their stored water when exceeding the lower critical solution temperature. The surface temperature is reduced by 15 °C compared to that of a conventional hydrogel (pHEMA) and by 25 °C compared to the bare ground.
Unprecedented magnetic borohydride exchange (mBER), magnetic Wang aldehyde (mWang) and magnetic amine resins were prepared from highly magnetic polymer-coated cobalt or iron nanoparticles. Microwave irradiation was used to obtain excellent degrees of functionalization (>95 %) and loadings (up to 3.0 mmol g(-1)) in short reaction times of 15 min or less. A… (More)
Sustainability, renewability, and biodegradability of polymeric material constantly gain in importance. A plausible approach is the recycling of agricultural waste proteins such as keratin, wheat gluten, casein or gelatin. The latter is abundantly available from animal byproducts and may well serve as building block for novel polymeric products. In this… (More)
Thin-walled, hollow carbon nanospheres with a hydrophobic interior and good water dispersability can be synthesized in two steps: First, metal nanoparticles, coated with a few layers of graphene-like carbon, are selectively modified on the outside with a covalently attached hydrophilic polymer. Second, the metal core is removed at elevated temperature… (More)
Ferromagnetic nanoparticles are covalently modified in order to enhance the dispersion stability as well as the antifouling properties. Insertion of an azide moiety allows "click"-reaction of a relevant tag molecule. This and the high saturation magnetization of the presented nanocomposite offer a promising platform for magnetic biosensors.
In the pursuit of robust and reusable biocatalysts for industrial synthetic chemistry, nanobiotechnology is currently taking a significant part. Recently, enzymes have been immobilized on different nanoscaffold supports. Carbon coated metallic nanoparticles were found to be a practically useful support for enzyme immobilization due to their large surface… (More)
Deinking is a fundamental part of paper recycling. As the global paper consumption rises and exceeds even the annual paper production, recycling of this raw material is of high importance. Magnetic ink based on carbon coated magnetic nanoparticles enables an alternative approach to state of the art paper deinking. Magnetic deinking comprises three steps… (More)
Herein, we present a water dispersable, magnetic nanoparticle supported "click and release" system. The cleavable linker has been synthesized by using a strain-promoted copper-free "click" reagent to establish the specific link and a fluoride cleavable silane moiety for mild cleavage. Small organic molecules, azide-bearing dyes and functionalized enzymes… (More)
For the first time Knoevenagel condensation has been catalyzed by elemental copper with unexpected activity and excellent isolated yields. Inexpensive, widely available copper powder was used to catalyze the condensation of cyanoacetate and benzaldehyde under mild conditions. To ensure general applicability, a wide variety of different substrates was… (More)
Tris(2-carboxyethyl)phosphine (TCEP) is an often-used reducing agent in biochemistry owing to its selectivity towards disulfide bonds. As TCEP causes undesired consecutive side reactions in various analytical methods (e.g., gel electrophoresis, protein labeling), it is usually removed by means of dialysis or gel filtration. Here, an alternative method of… (More)