Learn More
TheSaccharomyces cerevisiae genome contains three genes encoding alkali metal cation/H+ antiporters (Nha1p, Nhx1p, Kha1p) that differ in cell localization, substrate specificity and physiological function. Systematic genome sequencing of other yeast species revealed highly conserved homologous ORFs in all of them. We compared the yeast sequences both at DNA(More)
The fungal pathogen Aspergillus fumigatus causes serious illness and often death when it invades tissues, especially in immunocompromised individuals. The azole class of drugs is the most commonly prescribed treatment for many fungal infections and acts on the ergosterol biosynthesis pathway. One common mechanism of acquired azole drug resistance in fungi(More)
Yeast plasma membrane Na+/H+ antiporters are divided according to their substrate specificity in two distinct subfamilies. To identify amino acid residues responsible for substrate specificity determination (recognition of K+), the Zygosaccharomyces rouxii Sod2-22 antiporter (non-transporting K+) was mutagenized and a collection of ZrSod2-22 mutants that(More)
The fungal cell wall plays a crucial role in host-pathogen interactions. Its formation is the result of the coordinated activity of several extracellular enzymes, which assemble the constituents, and remodel and hydrolyse them in the extracellular space. Candida albicans Phr1 and Phr2 proteins belong to family GH72 of the beta-(1,3)-glucanosyltransferases(More)
Infectious diseases have long been regarded as losing their threat to mankind. However, in the recent decades infectious diseases have been regaining grounds and are back in the focus of research. This is also due to the fact that medical progress has enabled us to treat and cure a much higher fraction of severe diseases or trauma, resulting in a(More)
The Candida albicans transcription factor Efg1 is known to be involved in many different cellular processes, including morphogenesis, general metabolism, and virulence. Here we show that besides its manifold roles, Efg1 also has a prominent effect on cell wall structure and composition, strongly affecting the structural glucan part. Deletion of only one(More)
The Zygosaccharomyces rouxii Na+/H+ antiporter Sod2-22p is a member of the subfamily of yeast plasma membrane Nha/Sod antiporters that do not recognize potassium as their substrate. A functional study of two ZrSod2-22p mutated versions that improved the tolerance of a S. cerevisiae alkali-metal-cation sensitive strain to high extracellular concentration of(More)
In most eukaryotes, including the majority of fungi, expression of sterol biosynthesis genes is regulated by Sterol-Regulatory Element Binding Proteins (SREBPs), which are basic helix-loop-helix transcription activators. However, in yeasts such as Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Candida albicans sterol synthesis is instead regulated by Upc2, an unrelated(More)
Sterol import has been characterized under various conditions in three distinct fungal species, the model organism Saccharomyces cerevisiae and two human fungal pathogens Candida glabrata and Candida albicans, employing cholesterol, the sterol of higher eukaryotes, as well as its fungal equivalent, ergosterol. Import was confirmed by the detection of(More)
The increased numbers of patients with compromised immune systems in the last three decades have increased the chances of life-threatening fungal infections. Numerous antifungal drugs have been developed in the last 20 years to treat these infections. The largest group, the azoles, inhibits the synthesis of fungal sterols. The use of these fungistatic(More)