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Mice bearing a metastatic variant of Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC-C3) were studied to determine if there might be a relationship between tumor induced hematopoiesis and immune suppression. Growth of LLC-C3 in C57BL/6 mice corresponded with increased hematopoiesis and an increase in the proportion of monocytes in the peripheral blood, spleen, and bone marrow.(More)
Patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) have profound immune deficiencies. In 65% of these patients, there is an increased intra-tumoral presence of immune-suppressive CD34+ progenitor cells. The goal of the present study was to determine whether CD34+ cell levels were also increased in the peripheral blood of HNSCC patients and if these(More)
Obesity is a chronic inflammatory state and adipocytes are capable of contributing to this inflammation by their production of inflammatory mediators. The present study used fibroblast-derived adipocytes and normal spleen cells as a model to determine if adipocytes can also serve as immune regulatory cells by modulating the functions of conventional immune(More)
Obesity can promote a chronic inflammatory state and is associated with an increased risk for cancer. Since adipocytes can produce mediators that can regulate conventional immune cells, this study sought to determine if the presence of premalignant oral lesions would skew how immune cells respond to adipocyte-derived mediators to create an environment that(More)
To determine whether gambling participation falls into skill and chance-based categories and, if so, to determine the socio-demographic characteristics associated with these different categories. A cross-sectional analysis of all respondents to the 2005 Northern Territory Gambling Prevalence Survey who gambled in the 12 months prior to the survey. Factor(More)
Endothelial cell activation in the process of tumor angiogenesis and in various aspects of vascular biology has been extensively studied. However, endothelial cells also function in other capacities, including in immune regulation. Compared to the more traditional immune regulatory populations (Th1, Th2, Treg, etc.), endothelial cells have received far less(More)
BACKGROUND Surfactant-associated proteins (SP) A and D are in the family of collectin proteins that play an integral part in the innate defense system. SP-A and SP-D expression and function are altered in a variety of inflammatory and infectious diseases of the lungs, such as asthma, allergies, and cystic fibrosis. Our prior studies are the first to(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Myocardial infarction leads to heart failure. Autophagy is excessively activated in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) in rats. The aim of this study is to investigate whether the protection of sevoflurane postconditioning (SPC) in myocardial I/R is through restored impaired autophagic flux. METHODS Except for the sham control(More)
Freshly excised human head and neck cancers (219 primary cancers; 64 metastatic lymph node cancers) were analyzed for the immune inhibitory mediators released from the cancer tissues and the immune infiltrate within the tumor. Significant levels of the immune inhibitory mediators transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and(More)