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Phyllosilicates, a class of hydrous mineral first definitively identified on Mars by the OMEGA (Observatoire pour la Mineralogie, L'Eau, les Glaces et l'Activitié) instrument, preserve a record of the interaction of water with rocks on Mars. Global mapping showed that phyllosilicates are widespread but are apparently restricted to ancient terrains and a(More)
The Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity has investigated the landing site in Eagle crater and the nearby plains within Meridiani Planum. The soils consist of fine-grained basaltic sand and a surface lag of hematite-rich spherules, spherule fragments, and other granules. Wind ripples are common. Underlying the thin soil layer, and exposed within small impact(More)
The Mars Exploration Rover Spirit and its Athena science payload have been used to investigate a landing site in Gusev crater. Gusev is hypothesized to be the site of a former lake, but no clear evidence for lacustrine sedimentation has been found to date. Instead, the dominant lithology is basalt, and the dominant geologic processes are impact events and(More)
The Mars Express Observatoire pour la Minéralogie, l'Eau, les Glaces, et l'Activité (OMEGA) hyperspectral image data covering eastern Terra Meridiani indicate the ubiquitous presence of molecular water in etched terrain materials that disconformably overlie heavily cratered terrains and underlie the hematite-bearing plains explored by the Opportunity rover.(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of intensive care unit (ICU)-acquired infections and the risk factors for these infections, identify the predominant infecting organisms, and evaluate the relationship between ICU-acquired infection and mortality. DESIGN A 1-day point-prevalence study. SETTING Intensive care units in 17 countries in Western Europe,(More)
Antibiotic resistance among bacteria causing hospital-acquired infections poses a threat, particularly to patients in intensive care units (ICUs). In order to control the spread of resistant bacteria, local, regional and national resistance surveillance data must be used to develop efficient intervention strategies. In an attempt to identify national(More)
The benefit of noninvasive pressure support ventilation (NIPSV) in avoiding the need for endotracheal intubation and reducing morbidity and mortality associated with endotracheal intubation was evaluated in 41 patients who presented with acute respiratory failure not related to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Patients were randomly assigned to(More)
A prospective study was initiated in an intensive care unit (ICU) where extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing enterobacteriaceae (ESBLPE) were endemic. From July 1990 to July 1991, patients hospitalized for > or = 5 days were screened for ESBLPE acquisition by means of weekly rectal sampling and clinical cultures. Baseline characteristics and various(More)
UNLABELLED The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic accuracy and impact on patient management of the new integrated PET/CT modality in patients with suspected iodine-negative, differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC). METHODS Forty patients with DTC and a suggestion of iodine-negative tumor tissue underwent PET/CT examination (370 MBq(More)
The current study was based on the uncertainty as to how well monolayer cell cultures growing in customary polystyrene dishes are supplied with O2. For dishes maintained in an air-5% CO2 atmosphere at 37 degrees C, microelectrode measurements revealed that the pericellular steady-state PO2 was 78 mm Hg in confluent bovine endothelial, 110 mm Hg in rat renal(More)