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A network of excitatory neurons within the pre-Bötzinger complex (pre-BötC) of the mammalian brain stem has been found experimentally to generate robust, synchronized population bursts of activity. An experimentally calibrated model for pre-BötC cells yields typical square-wave bursting behavior in the absence of coupling, over a certain parameter range,(More)
Mixed-mode oscillations (MMOs) are trajectories of a dynamical system in which there is an alternation between oscillations of distinct large and small amplitudes. MMOs have been observed and studied for over thirty years in chemical, physical, and biological systems. Few attempts have been made thus far to classify different patterns of MMOs, in contrast(More)
This work is motivated by the observation of remarkably slow firing in the uncoupled Hodgkin-Huxley model, depending on parameters tau( h ), tau( n ) that scale the rates of change of the gating variables. After reducing the model to an appropriate nondimensionalized form featuring one fast and two slow variables, we use geometric singular perturbation(More)
In recent work [J. Rubin and M. Wechselberger, Biol. Cybern. 97, 5 (2007)], we explained the appearance of remarkably slow oscillations in the classical Hodgkin-Huxley (HH) equations, modified by scaling a time constant, using recently developed theory about mixed-mode oscillations (MMOs). This theory is only rigorously valid, however, for epsilon(More)
Applying a low current to a recent biophysical model for inhibitory neurons in the cortex leads to mixed mode oscillations (MMOs), a mixture of spikes and subthreshold oscillations. At higher currents, the neurons fire regularly. We show that a specific slow potassium current underlies this behavior. Next we reduce this five-dimensional biophysical model(More)
The electrical dynamics in the heart is modeled by a two-component PDE. Using geometric singular perturbation theory, it is shown that a traveling pulse solution, which corresponds to a single heartbeat, exists. One key aspect of the proof involves tracking the solution near a point on the slow manifold that is not normally hyperbolic. This is achieved by(More)
Thermoregulatory responses are partially controlled by the preoptic area and anterior hypothalamus (PO/AH), which contains a mixed population of temperature-sensitive and insensitive neurons. Immunohistochemical procedures identified the extent of various ionic channels in rat PO/AH neurons. These included pacemaker current channels [i.e.,(More)
Pituitary cells of the anterior pituitary gland secrete hormones in response to patterns of electrical activity. Several types of pituitary cells produce short bursts of electrical activity which are more effective than single spikes in evoking hormone release. These bursts, called pseudo-plateau bursts, are unlike bursts studied mathematically in neurons(More)