Martin W Howell

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PURPOSE To evaluate whether HLA genotypes are associated with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS HLA class I-A, -B, and -Cw and class II DRB1 and DQB1 principal allele groups were genotyped in two stages: initially for principal allele groups in a cohort of 100 AMD cases and 92 control subjects, and then, in the next 100 cases and controls(More)
[1] Water column stratification increased at climatic transitions from cold to warm periods during the late Quaternary and led to anoxic conditions and sapropel formation in the deep eastern Mediterranean basins. High-resolution data sets on sea-surface temperatures (SST) (estimated from U 37 k 0 indices) and d 18 O of planktonic foraminifer calcite (d 18 O(More)
OBJECTIVES Eliciting preferences and trade-offs that patients may make to achieve important outcomes, can assist in developing patient-centred research and care. The pilot study aimed to test the feasibility of a case 2 best-worst scaling survey (BWS) to elicit recipient with kidney transplantation preferences after transplantation. DESIGN Preferences for(More)
BACKGROUND Although advances in treatment have dramatically improved short-term graft survival and acute rejection in kidney transplant recipients, long-term graft outcomes have not substantially improved. Transplant recipients also have a considerably increased risk of cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and infection, which all contribute to(More)
(Suggestions are based primarily on Level III and IV evidence) • An accurate assessment of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) should be undertaken in all potential donors. The benefit of obtaining a directly measured GFR (thought to be more accurate) over an estimated GFR, has not been proven in live donors (refer to CARI guidelines titled 'Use of(More)
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