Martin W. Bienengraeber

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Transduction of energetic signals into membrane electrical events governs vital cellular functions, ranging from hormone secretion and cytoprotection to appetite control and hair growth. Central to the regulation of such diverse cellular processes are the metabolism sensing ATP-sensitive K+ (K(ATP)) channels. However, the mechanism that communicates(More)
Reaction to stress requires feedback adaptation of cellular functions to secure a response without distress, but the molecular order of this process is only partially understood. Here, we report a previously unrecognized regulatory element in the general adaptation syndrome. Kir6.2, the ion-conducting subunit of the metabolically responsive ATP-sensitive(More)
ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channels are unique metabolic sensors formed by association of Kir6.2, an inwardly rectifying K+ channel, and the sulfonylurea receptor SUR, an ATP binding cassette protein. We identified an ATPase activity in immunoprecipitates of cardiac KATP channels and in purified fusion proteins containing nucleotide binding domains NBD1 and(More)
BACKGROUND Brief episodes of ischemia during early reperfusion after coronary occlusion reduce the extent of myocardial infarction. Phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) signaling has been implicated in this "postconditioning" phenomenon. The authors tested the hypothesis that isoflurane produces cardioprotection during early reperfusion after myocardial(More)
Stress tolerance of the heart requires high-fidelity metabolic sensing by ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channels that adjust membrane potential–dependent functions to match cellular energetic demand. Scanning of genomic DNA from individuals with heart failure and rhythm disturbances due to idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy identified two mutations in(More)
ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channels are bifunctional multimers assembled by an ion conductor and a sulfonylurea receptor (SUR) ATPase. Sensitive to ATP/ADP, K(ATP) channels are vital metabolic sensors. However, channel regulation by competitive ATP/ADP binding would require oscillations in intracellular nucleotides incompatible with cell survival. We(More)
BACKGROUND Reactive oxygen species (ROS) mediate the effects of anesthetic precondition to protect against ischemia and reperfusion injury, but the mechanisms of ROS generation remain unclear. In this study, the authors investigated if mitochondria-targeted antioxidant (mitotempol) abolishes the cardioprotective effects of anesthetic preconditioning.(More)
The function of uncoupling protein (UCP1) as a H+ transporter regulated by nucleotide binding is elucidated. H+ transport requires fatty acids (FA) with relatively wide structural tolerance. The nucleotide binding site is specific for purine nucleotides and tolerates a number of derivatives. The strong pH dependency facilitates regulation of nucleotide(More)
Inhibition of glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-beta protects against ischemia-reperfusion injury. Brief exposure to isoflurane before and during early reperfusion after coronary artery occlusion also protects against infarction. Whether GSK-beta mediates this action is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that GSK inhibition enhances isoflurane-induced(More)
The mitochondrion is a vital component in cellular energy metabolism and intracellular signaling processes. Mitochondria are involved in a myriad of complex signaling cascades regulating cell death vs. survival. Importantly, mitochondrial dysfunction and the resulting oxidative and nitrosative stress are central in the pathogenesis of numerous human(More)