Martin Vokurka

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The rapid identification of mycobacterial DNA in clinical samples by PCR can be useful in the diagnosis of tuberculous infections, but several large studies have found that the sensitivity of this approach is not better than that of culture. In order to improve the sensitivity of detection of mycobacterial DNA in clinical specimens from patients with(More)
Hepcidin, a key regulator of iron metabolism, decreases intestinal absorption of iron and its release from macrophages. Iron, anemia, hypoxia, and inflammation were reported to influence hepcidin expression. To investigate regulation of the expression of hepcidin and other iron-related genes, we manipulated erythropoietic activity in mice. Erythropoiesis(More)
CONTEXT Hyperglycemia and insulin resistance frequently occur in critically ill patients even without a history of diabetes. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to study the role of adipose tissue hormonal production in the development of insulin resistance in cardiac surgery patients. PARTICIPANTS, INTERVENTIONS, AND SETTINGS: Fifteen patients with elective(More)
To evaluate the role of mycobacterial infection in the pathogenesis of sarcoidosis, several groups have attempted to identify mycobacterial DNA in clinical samples from these patients by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), but widely divergent results have been obtained. It has been suggested that differences in the sensitivity of the procedures used may(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Male C57BL/6 and DBA/2 mice differ in their liver iron content. The aim of this study was to examine possible differences in the expression of hepcidin genes (Hamp and Hamp2) between the two strains. METHODS Hepatic mRNAs were quantified by real-time PCR. RESULTS Ferroportin1, transferrin receptor 2 and HAMP mRNA levels displayed no(More)
Hepcidin, a key regulator of iron metabolism, plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of anemia of chronic disease. Although it is produced mainly in the liver, its recently described expression in adipose tissue has been shown to be enhanced in massive obesity due to chronic low-grade inflammation. Our objective was to study the changes in hepcidin(More)
Matriptase-2, a membrane protein encoded by the Tmprss6 gene, is a negative regulator of hepcidin expression. Although matriptase-2 has been proposed to cleave membrane hemojuvelin, we have recently found decreased hemojuvelin protein levels in Tmprss6 -/- mice. The purpose of this study was to confirm this observation by determining hemojuvelin protein(More)
Administration of oxadiazon or oxyfluorfen (1000 ppm in the diet) to male BALB/c mice for 9 days resulted in experimental porphyria, resembling the acute phase of human variegate porphyria. Urinary concentrations of 5-aminolevulinic acid and porphobilinogen reached 1500 and 3000 mumol/L, respectively. Both herbicides caused a decrease of protoporphyrinogen(More)
Mutations of hepcidin (HAMP) and hemo-juvelin (HJV) genes have been recently demonstrated to result in juvenile hemochromatosis. Expression of HAMP is regulated by iron status or infection, whereas regulation of HJV is yet unknown. Using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, we compared expression of Hamp and Rgmc (the murine ortholog of HJV) in(More)
Vaccinia virus (VV) infects a broad range of host cells, and while it usually causes their lysis (i.e. necrosis), the nature of the cell-death phenomenon is not well understood. In this study, we show that VV induces apoptosis of cells of the murine macrophage line J774.G8, as revealed by morphological signs, DNA ladder formation, changes of mitochondrial(More)