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—Consider classes of signals that have a finite number of degrees of freedom per unit of time and call this number the rate of innovation. Examples of signals with a finite rate of innovation include streams of Diracs (e.g., the Poisson process), nonuniform splines, and piecewise polynomials. Even though these signals are not bandlimited, we show that they… (More)

The first part of this paper proposes an adaptive, data-driven threshold for image denoising via wavelet soft-thresholding. The threshold is derived in a Bayesian framework, and the prior used on the wavelet coefficients is the generalized Gaussian distribution (GGD) widely used in image processing applications. The proposed threshold is simple and… (More)

The limitations of commonly used separable extensions of one-dimensional transforms, such as the Fourier and wavelet transforms, in capturing the geometry of image edges are well known. In this paper, we pursue a "true" two-dimensional transform that can capture the intrinsic geometrical structure that is key in visual information. The main challenge in… (More)

We present a statistical view of the texture retrieval problem by combining the two related tasks, namely feature extraction (FE) and similarity measurement (SM), into a joint modeling and classification scheme. We show that using a consistent estimator of texture model parameters for the FE step followed by computing the Kullback-Leibler distance (KLD)… (More)

State of the art, real-time, rate-adaptive, multimedia applications adjust their transmission rate to match the available network capacity. Unfortunately, this source-based rate-adaptation performs poorly in a heterogeneous multicast environment because there is no single target rate --- the conflicting bandwidth requirements of all receivers cannot be… (More)

The method of wavelet thresholding for removing noise, or denoising, has been researched extensively due to its effectiveness and simplicity. Much of the literature has focused on developing the best uniform threshold or best basis selection. However, not much has been done to make the threshold values adaptive to the spatially changing statistics of… (More)

— We consider the problem of correlated data gathering by a network with a sink node and a tree communication structure, where the goal is to minimize the total transmission cost of transporting the information collected by the nodes, to the sink node. Two coding strategies are analyzed: a Slepian-Wolf model where optimal coding is complex and transmission… (More)

The Karhunen-Lò eve transform (KLT) is a key element of many signal processing and communication tasks. Many recent applications involve distributed signal processing , where it is not generally possible to apply the KLT to the entire signal ; rather , the KLT must be approximated in a distributed fashion. This paper investigates such distributed approaches… (More)

A fast rate-distortion (R-D) optimal scheme for coding adaptive trees whose individual nodes spawn descendents forming a disjoint and complete basis cover for the space spanned by their parent nodes is presented. The scheme guarantees operation on the convex hull of the operational R-D curve and uses a fast dynamic programing pruning algorithm to markedly… (More)

The ridgelet transform was introduced as a sparse expansion for functions on continuous spaces that are smooth away from discontinuities along lines. We propose an orthonormal version of the ridgelet transform for discrete and finite-size images. Our construction uses the finite Radon transform (FRAT) as a building block. To overcome the periodization… (More)