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BACKGROUND Identifying and addressing the requirements of cancer survivors is currently a high priority for the NHS, yet little is known about the population of cancer survivors in the United Kingdom. METHODS Data from cancer registries in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales were analysed to provide limited-duration prevalence estimates for(More)
Patient safety will benefit from an approach to human error that examines systemic causes, rather than blames individuals. This study describes a direct observation methodology, based on a threat and error model, prospectively to identify types and sources of systems failures in paediatric cardiac surgery. Of substantive interest were the range, frequency(More)
BACKGROUND In the United Kingdom, there are approximately two million cancer survivors (3.2% of the entire population), composed of groups of people in different phases of survivorship and with different health service needs. The aim of this study was to quantify the level of acute health service utilisation by cancer survivors in the UK, according to(More)
OBJECTIVES Sarcoma has a predilection to metastasis to the lungs. Surgical excision of these metastases (pulmonary metastasectomy) when possible has become standard practice. We reviewed the published selection and outcome data. DESIGN Systematic review of published reports that include survival rates or any other outcome data. Survival data were put in(More)
BACKGROUND Maternal mortality in Africa has changed little since 1990. We developed a mathematical model with the aim to assess whether improved community-based access to life-saving drugs, to augment a core programme of health-facility strengthening, could reduce maternal mortality due to post-partum haemorrhage or sepsis. METHODS We developed a(More)
We sought to establish the extent to which tumour uptake of [18F]-fluoro2-deoxy-glucose is associated with survival in patients with primary lung cancer. From our analysis of data concerning 498 lung cancer patients, including surgical and non-surgical cases, we conclude that there is a clear association between higher tumour uptake of glucose and worse(More)
BACKGROUND There are currently two million cancer survivors in the United Kingdom, and in recent years this number has grown by 3% per annum. The aim of this paper is to provide long-term projections of cancer prevalence in the United Kingdom. METHODS National cancer registry data for England were used to estimate cancer prevalence in the United Kingdom(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the variability of patients' length of stay in intensive care after cardiac surgery. To investigate potential interactions between such variability, booked admissions, and capacity requirements. DESIGN Mathematical modelling study using routinely collected data. SETTING A cardiac surgery department. SOURCE OF DATA Hospital(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify pre-operative factors associated with in-hospital mortality following lung resection and to construct a risk model that could be used prospectively to inform decisions and retrospectively to enable fair comparisons of outcomes. METHODS Data were submitted to the European Thoracic Surgery Database from 27 units in 14 countries. We(More)