Martin T. Huber

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We study global bifurcations of the chaotic attractor in a modified Hodgkin-Huxley model of thermally sensitive neurons. The control parameter for this model is the temperature. The chaotic behavior is realized over a wide range of temperatures and is visualized using interspike intervals. We observe an abrupt increase of the interspike intervals in a(More)
OBJECTIVE Sleep disturbances have been thought to augment pain. Sleep deprivation has been proven to produce hyperalgesic effects. It is still unclear whether these changes are truly specific to pain and not related to general changes in somatosensory functions. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of total sleep deprivation on thermal(More)
Intrinsic subthreshold oscillations in the membrane potential are a common property of many neurons in the peripheral and central nervous system. When such oscillations are combined with noise, interesting signal encoding and neuromodulatory properties are obtained which allow, for example, sensitivity adjustment or differential encoding of stimuli. Here we(More)
Sensitization of an organism by recurrent disease episodes is postulated as a key mechanism governing the progressive long-term course of affective disorders. The particular significance is that episode sensitization could underly the transition from externally triggered disease episodes to autonomous episode generation. Functionally, this transition might(More)
We investigate the stimulus-dependent tuning properties of a noisy ionic conductance model for intrinsic subthreshold oscillations in membrane potential and associated spike generation. Upon depolarization by an applied current, the model exhibits subthreshold oscillatory activity with an occasional spike generation when oscillations reach the spike(More)
BACKGROUND Uni- and bipolar affective disorders tend to be recurrent and progressive. Illness patterns can evolve from isolated episodes to more rapid, rhythmic, and "chaotic" mood patterns. Nonlinear deterministic dynamics are currently proposed to explain this progression. However, most natural systems are nonlinear and noisy, and cooperative behavior of(More)
We analyze the phase-space structure of a model for thermoreceptors in fish and mammals. As a function of the temperature we identify a period doubling scenario at low temperatures, a regime where an unstable stationary fixed point collides with the attractor and blocks the thermoreceptor, and a transition from period n+1 to period n as the temperature is(More)
BACKGROUND Nonlinear dynamics are currently proposed to explain the course of recurrent affective disorders. Such a nonlinear disease model predicts complex interactions with stochastic influences, in particular, because both disease dynamics and stochastic influences, such as psychosocial stressors, will vary during the course of the disease. We approach(More)
We explore the dynamics of a Hodgkin-Huxley-type model for thermally sensitive neurons that exhibit intrinsic oscillatory activity. The model is modified to include a feedback loop that is represented by two parameters: the synaptic strength and the transmission delay time. We analyze the dynamics of the neuron depending on the temperature, the synaptic(More)
Recently, searches for low-dimensional dynamical activity in various biological preparations have become fashionable. In particular, demonstrations of the existence of unstable periodic orbits (UPOs) and bifurcations between unstable and stable states are of interest. Here, we report the detection of UPOs in three diverse preparations: electroreceptor, cold(More)