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The current practice in assessing sonographic findings of chronic inflamed thyroid tissue is mainly qualitative, based just on a physician's experience. This study shows that inflamed and healthy tissues can be differentiated by automatic texture analysis of B-mode sonographic images. Feature selection is the most important part of this procedure. We(More)
Retroviral proteinases (PRs) are essential for retrovirus infectivity but the mechanism of their activity regulation is poorly understood. We investigated possible involvement in this process of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of betaretroviral PRs. We found that the presence of CTD attenuates proteolytic activity of Mason-Pfizer monkey virus PR, while it does(More)
STM images of multidomain epitaxial graphene on Pt(111) have been combined with a geometrical model to investigate the origin of the coincidence Moiré superstructures. We show that there is a relation between the appearance of a particular Moiré periodicity and the minimization of the absolute value of the strain between the graphene and the substrate for(More)
We report a straightforward method to produce high-quality nitrogen-doped graphene on SiC(0001) using direct nitrogen ion implantation and subsequent stabilization at temperatures above 1300 K. We demonstrate that double defects, which comprise two nitrogen defects in a second-nearest-neighbor (meta) configuration, can be formed in a controlled way by(More)
Protease inhibitors (PIs) are an important class of drugs for the treatment of HIV infection. However, in the course of treatment, resistant viral variants with reduced sensitivity to PIs often emerge and become a major obstacle to successful control of viral load. On the basis of a compound equipotently inhibiting HIV-1 and 2 proteases (PR), we have(More)
OBJECTIVE The study was designed to determine whether smoking affects CT score, bacterial colonization of the upper airways and distribution of inflammatory cells in nasal mucosa in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS Sixty-four patients were enrolled in the prospective study. We characterized differences in CT score, rate of(More)
We report scanning tunneling microscope measurements showing a substantial decrease of the current, almost to zero, on the Si(111)-(7x7) reconstruction in the near-to-contact region under low bias conditions. First principles simulations for the tip-sample interaction and transport calculations show that this effect is driven by the substantial local(More)
We investigate the structural and electronic properties of nitrogen-doped epitaxial monolayer graphene and quasifreestanding monolayer graphene on 6H-SiC(0001) by the normal incidence x-ray standing wave technique and by angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy supported by density functional theory simulations. With the location of various nitrogen(More)
Chemical identification of individual atoms in mixed In-Sn chains grown on a Si(100)-(2 × 1) surface was investigated by means of room temperature dynamic noncontact AFM measurements and DFT calculations. We demonstrate that the chemical nature of each atom in the chain can be identified by means of measurements of the short-range forces acting between an(More)